The Role of Exodus 4:24-26 in the Book of Exodus
Chapter I – Early Jewish Explanations 15
Chapter I Early Jewish Explanations The Aramaic Targums of the Pentateuch may have begun as early as the 2nd century C.E., but they passed through a long period of revision, re- editing, and recension into the 9th century C.E. Tg. Onq. originated in Palestine in the 2nd century C.E., was redacted in the 4th-5th centuries C.E., and finally experienced a recension in Palestine in the 9th century C.E. Tg. Ps.-J., the most expansive of the Pentateuchal Targumim, roughly twice the length of the original Hebrew text, was redacted in the 7th-8th centuries C. E. The final form of Tg. Neof. dates from the 3rd-4th centuries C.E. Even though this targum is not as expansive as Tg. Ps.-J., it is still expansive. It uses certain standard exegetical procedures and equivalents for the original Hebrew, but it has been glossed and re- worked over a long period of time. Frg. Tg. is an incomplete Palestinian Targum in western Aramaic. It represents a broadly uniform tradition of Bible exegesis, and apparently dates between Tg. Neof. and Tg. Ps.-J. Most likely, Frg. Tg. came into being when Tg. Onq. became the ‘offi- cial’ Targum in the West and displaced the indigenous Palestinian Tar- gumim. Incomplete Targums preserved worthy elements of the complete text, one of which is Frg. Tg. Three traits distinguish rabbinic literature: law and exegesis of the Hebrew Scriptures, exclusion of all prior tradi- tion except for Scripture, and appealing to named sages called rabbis. The oral part of the commentary on...
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