Stratégies transnationales féminines face à la mondialisation, XVIII e -XXI e siècles
Edited By Marie-Pierre Arrizabalaga, Diana Burgos and Mercedes Yusta
Deuxième partieConstruction d’un espace transnationald’expression politique féminine
Deuxième partie Construction d’un espace transnational d’expression politique féminine Women’s transnational activism through the lens of the Nobel Peace Prize: Nobel Women’s Initiative Robin BISHA Women Nobel Peace Prize Laureates are at the forefront of developing and promoting forms of activism that link the global South and North. The Nobel Women’s Initiative (NWI), the brainchild of recent Nobel Laureates Jody Williams and Shirin Ebadi, represents a confluence of the work of the Nobel selection committees, the laureates, and other women engaged in peacework in its collaborative structure and aims. NWI plac- es the laureates’ public platform in the service of local activists for peace and justice around the world. The first effort to institutionalize collabora- tion of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, NWI draws on the transnational organizing experience of the participants. Its structure, goals and activi- ties reflect a solid grounding in the tradition of women’s transnational organizing and peacemaking and attempt to address some of the short- comings of previous organizing. Although the six Nobel Laureates who founded NWI appear to be the first Nobel Peace Prize laureates to work together on a continuous basis, women have been organizing transnationally for more than a century. Elise Boulding’s research has shown that women’s transnational organi- zations in the twentieth century participated actively in peacework (Boulding 1995). Boulding dates the founding of the first transnational women’s organizations, which often work implicitly rather than directly for peace, to the 1880s. Between World Wars I and II women founded many more,...
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