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Etat et bien commun

Perspectives historiques et enjeux éthico-politiques- Colloque en hommage à Roger Berthouzoz

Edited By Anto Gavric and Grzegorz W. Sienkiewicz

La notion d’Etat et celle de bien commun apparaissent aujourd’hui en constante confrontation du point de vue de leur finalité. Certes, le concept d’Etat naît avec la Modernité alors que celui du bien commun existe déjà dans l’Antiquité. Les rapports qu’ils entretiennent actuellement ne sont toutefois pas sans rappeler les questions éthiques autour de la notion de bonum commune qui se posent depuis la formation de la société publique.
Cet ouvrage invite à reprendre cette discussion dans un cadre pluridisciplinaire (philosophie, histoire, théologie, économie, droit, politique, médecine). Il met l’accent sur les questions philosophiques de l’utilisation de doctrines politiques du bien, de l’engagement social, des droits de l’homme, mais aussi de l’appréciation éthique quant aux modifications génétiques de l’être humain.
Les textes ici exposés constituent une tentative de retrouver un lien substantiel entre Etat et bien commun en proposant aux chercheurs et aux scientifiques d’assumer une responsabilité déontologique, conformément à leur mission au sein de la société.

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Science research and the common good: scientific and ethical aspects of embryonic stem cells - Marisa JACONI 285

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Science research and the common good: scientific and ethical aspects of embryonic stem cells MARISA JACONI Introduction Developments in science and technology occur in such a rush that ethics, which tempers what we can do with what we ought to do, seems always in a race to keep pace. Life expectancy is set to rise. Along with this, degenerative diseases of aging become more prevalent in an aging population. Thus, the ad- vantages of a prolonged life come with costs. More and more performing health care technologies inevitably bring along the promise of intermina- ble extensions of «life». So it is with the matter of stem cell research, an issue over which countries all over the world are constantly debating. Definitely our age faces ultimate questions that were unknown to previ- ous generations. Not only do we face the question of what we should do versus what we can do, but we also face the array of considerations that splay out from each new advance in technology. What is more important, the individual good or the common good? Who has access to the benefits of new technology? Who pays for it? Would the common good be better served if the money were spent elsewhere? Is stem cell research saving life or destroying it? What is the status of the early embryo, created by in vitro fertilization techniques, and from which embryonic stem cells are derived? Does this cell derivation inevitably lead to the embryos de- struction and is this destruction...

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