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Discourse Analysis and Human and Social Sciences

Simone Bonnafous and Malika Temmar

What is the relationship between discourse analysis and its more recent companion disciplines such as sociology, political science and information and communication sciences, at their point of convergence between the symbolic and the social? How are relationships evolving between discourse analysis and disciplines like the literary studies, psychoanalysis and philosophy, which have been the constant companions of linguistics as these emerged and developed? What is the place and role of discourse analysis in Europe? These are some of the themes dealt with in this book. A team effort on the part of Centre d’Etude des Discours, Images, Texte, Ecrits, Communication (Céditec EA 3119), it aims not to present another view of the history and concepts of discourse analysis, but to encourage thinking and debate on interdisciplinary practices.

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Introduction - Simone BONNAFOUS and Malika TEMMAR 1

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Introduction1 Simone BONNAFOUS and Malika TEMMAR Discourse analysis became current in France in the late 1960s, thanks to researchers working in a variety of disciplines such as linguistics, sociology, history and philosophy. They all shared an interest in lin- guistic phenomena considered in their social and historical contexts. Although the concepts and methods of the language sciences have long been a feature of this field of research, relationships with the other human and social sciences have always played a part too. Exchanges between these disciplines, far from signalling a fragmentation of dis- course analysis, have gone hand in hand with its development as it came to be recognised and established through research centres, con- ferences, journals and, more recently, textbooks and dictionaries2. The 1 Thanks to Alice Krieg-Planque and Claire Oger for reading this text and giving their advice. We would also like to thank Dominique Ducard for his support during the later stages of publication. 2 Without claiming to be exhaustive, a list might include: Dominique Maingueneau, L’Analyse du discours. Introduction aux lectures de l’archive, Paris, Hachette Supérieur, collection Linguistique, 1991. Georges-Elia Sarfati, Eléments d’analyse du discours, Paris, Nathan Université, collection 128, 2001. Francine Mazière, L’Analyse du discours. Histoire et pratiques, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, Collection Que sais-je?, 2005. Patrick Charaudeau and Dominique Main- gueneau editors, Dictionnaire d’analyse du discours, Paris, Seuil, 2002. Catherine Détrie, Paul Siblot and Bertrand Verine editors, Termes et concepts pour l’analyse du discours. Une approche praxématique, Paris, Honor...

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