I. Discourse analysis in Europe - Johannes ANGERMÜLLER 9
Chapter I Discourse analysis in Europe Johannes ANGERMÜLLER Introduction Since the late 1960s, a variety of trends in discourse analysis have developed in Europe. Given this diversity, it is not easy to gain an overview, especially since discourse analysis does not have its own disciplinary locus [Ehlich, 1994]1. Roughly speaking, the evolution of this heterogeneous and relatively vaguely-defined field has been characterised by an intersecting of the different strands, each of which has its own national significance. Until the 1970s, relatively homo- geneous fields were developing in coexistence in certain countries, but by the 1980s these “schools” were beginning to produce more and more branches outside their countries of origin. In order to clarify the rather ambiguous situation of discourse analysis in Europe, I propose to distinguish three major trends – French, Anglo-Saxon and German – which relate to ancient tradi- tions of thought, and of which followers can now be found all over Europe. Although these trends are no longer attached to any particu- lar country, they serve as a theoretical basis for the various “clusters” of researchers who have dominated the discourses on discourse in Europe since the 1970s: “the French school”, poststructuralist dis- course theory, critical discourse analysis and interpretive discourse analysis. 1 I thank Jacques Guilhaumou, Reiner Keller and Dominique Maingueneau, as well as the two editors of this work, for their valuable comments. 10 Three major theoretical trends The “French” trend The “French” trend was inspired by the 1960s controversy over struc- turalism. It combines...
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