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Discourse Analysis and Human and Social Sciences

Simone Bonnafous and Malika Temmar

What is the relationship between discourse analysis and its more recent companion disciplines such as sociology, political science and information and communication sciences, at their point of convergence between the symbolic and the social? How are relationships evolving between discourse analysis and disciplines like the literary studies, psychoanalysis and philosophy, which have been the constant companions of linguistics as these emerged and developed? What is the place and role of discourse analysis in Europe? These are some of the themes dealt with in this book. A team effort on the part of Centre d’Etude des Discours, Images, Texte, Ecrits, Communication (Céditec EA 3119), it aims not to present another view of the history and concepts of discourse analysis, but to encourage thinking and debate on interdisciplinary practices.

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III. Discourse analysis and comprehensive sociology. A critical look back at an interdisciplinary research practice - Claire OGER and Caroline OLLIVIER-YANIV 43

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Chapter III Discourse analysis and interpretive sociology. A critical look back at an interdisciplinary research practice Claire OGER and Caroline OLLIVIER-YANIV The purpose of this contribution is first of all to present the shared approach we have developed by combining interpretive sociology and discourse analysis. This rapprochement was initially suggested by problems of research emanating on the one hand from the sociol- ogy of political and public institutions and according an important place to actors’ discourse, and on the other hand from institutional discourse analysis. The implementation of an approach which goes beyond the simple comparison of results then led us to place the for- mation of corpora – or collections of discursive materials – at the heart of questions of method. Secondly, we propose to reconsider the various projects on insti- tutional discourse which we have worked on together, in order to identify their difficulties and their prospects. We will in particular insist on the need to clarify the theoretical and epistemological posi- tions which underlie this approach and determine its coherence. The construction of a shared approach Looking back at a number of shared works, we will provide a quick summary of their main stages, from comparison of results to concep- tual dialogue, and then to the hybridisation of methods. 44 Claire Oger and Caroline Ollivier-Yaniv Discourse as a point of convergence between DA and interpretive sociology The basis for a rapprochement between the two disciplines is the importance of the discourse in the two theoretical traditions in which they...

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