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Doctoral Education’s Reform in Switzerland and Norway

A Public Management Analysis

Lukas Baschung

Since the beginning of the 21 st century, doctoral education has gained an increasingly important place on the reform agenda of higher education institutions and also at national and European policy levels. By paying particular attention to the characteristics and role of recently emerged Doctoral and Research Schools, this book examines on a broad empirical basis what this reform consists of in two small but scientifically and economically successful countries – Switzerland and Norway. This reform also raises the question to what extent power shifts take place regarding the doctoral process. Thus, does the «Thesis director» lose his or her power at the expense of other actors? Observed shifts are characterised through components of varying Public Management Narratives. In order to consider existing variety, case studies have been chosen on the basis of four variables – type of national political system, size and type of higher education institution and type of scientific discipline. This methodological framework allows not only illustrating variation in the reform process and its causes but also the development of a new University Governance Scheme.

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List of Acronyms 333

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List of Acronyms AI Aesthetics of Intermediality BFUG Bologna Follow-Up Group BSM Biomolecular Structure and Mechanism CRUS Conférence des Recteurs des Universités Suisses/Rectors’ Conference of Swiss Universities CSO Centre de Sociologie des Organisations/Center for the Sociology of Organisations CSS Conseil Suisse de la Science/Swiss Science Council CUS Conférence Universitaire Suisse/Swiss University Council CUSO Conférence universitaire de Suisse occidentale ECTS European Credit Transfer System EFTA European Free Trade Association EHEA European Higher Education Area EPFL Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne/Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne ERA European Research and Innovation Area ETHZ Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule Zürich/Federal Institute of Technology Zurich EUA European University Association GMAT Graduate Management Admission Test 334 GRE Graduate Record Exam HEI Higher Education Institution IFE Institutt for Energiteknikk/Institute for Energy Technology LAU Loi d’aide aux universities/Federal Act on Financial Assistance to Universities LEPF Loi fédérale sur les écoles polytechniques fédérales/Law on the Federal Institutes of Technology LSZGS Life Science Zurich Graduate School MCB Molecular and Computational Biology MER Maître d’Enseignement et de Recherche MLS Molecular Life Sciences MSE Materials Science and Engineering NCCR National Centres of Competence in Research NHH Norges Handelshøyskole/Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration NFR Norges Forskningsråd/Research Council of Norway NIFU-STEP Norwegian Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education NPM New Public Management NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PRIME Policies for Research and Innovation in the Move towards the...

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