Methods, Techniques, Interpretations and Field Examples
Edited By Amina-Aïcha Malek
Part II Preliminary Questions and Investigations 95
Part II Preliminary Questions and Investigations The second part of the volume vividly illustrates the need for any archaeologist interested in engaging in garden archaeology to a primary question: how can a nondestructive survey be carried out before planning further investigation? Kathryn L. Gleason and Mark P. Leone are two highly experienced garden archaeologists who have conducted research in very different historical and geographical discuss in the first chapter the best strategies in using non-destructive techniques to identify and record garden features both on the surface and beneath it. The next two chapters, one by Bruce Bevan and Rinata Dalan, the other by Lawrence Conyers, concern the choice of instruments for geophysical investigation of the site before choosing to engage in destructive approaches. These are not the only nondestructive approaches for garden archaeologists, as we shall highlight in the introduction to the next part, but they can be very useful for investigating a garden. There are problems, however: these are techniques that vary from very inexpensive to very expensive; moreover, they can yield very different levels of confidence, depending upon the pedological, hydrological, and vegetal conditions on site. Any specialist knows that what the differences in appreciation of ground penetrating radar between the two chapters illuminates is the fact that any specialist also depends upon his or her own field experience. Both chapters provide a wealth of information that may help make the first choices, depending on economic constraints and the pedological and hydrological context. They will also help archaeologists...
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