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A Global History of Historical Demography

Half a Century of Interdisciplinarity

Antoinette Fauve-Chamoux, Ioan Bolovan and Sølvi Sogner

At the XXIst World Congress of the International Committee of Historical Sciences (ICHS/CISH) in 2010 in Amsterdam, the International Commission for Historical Demography (ICHD) decided to write an overview of its own history. Fifty years had gone by since the CISH XIst World Congress in Stockholm 1960, when historians took the first tentative initiatives to create a wholly new interdisciplinary commission for historical demography, a meeting place for a budding discipline where researchers in letters and science could meet, exchange ideas, cultivate and develop a new field. This book is the outcome of that decision.

Demography, past, present and future is a common concern for all inhabitants of this planet. The variation is great, however, with regard to sources, social and political conditions, state of the art, technological development, national and local initiatives. In the course of half a century many changes take place. Keeping abreast of the gigantic streams of information and innovation in the field is demanding, even more so for a discipline with global dimensions and ambitions. The book makes fascinating reading, and preparing it has been a rewarding and thought provoking experience. The thirty-seven articles in the book represent as many different stories.

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30. Half a Century of Historical Demography in Romania (1960-2010) (Ioan Bolovan)

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Half a Century of Historical Demography in Romania (1960−2010) Ioan BOLOVAN1 Predecessors Today’s Romania is the result of the successive unification, during the modern age, of the three big historical provinces: Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylva- nia. Wallachia and Moldavia united in 1859 and formed “Small Romania” (also known under the name of “The Old Kingdom”). For centuries Transylvania had belonged to the Habsburg Empire, since 1867 it was part of the Austrian-Hun- garian Empire. Transylvania united with the Old Kingdom in 1918. The result was Greater Romania. In the Old Kingdom the beginning of demographic statis- tics and the organization of the first censuses coincided with the beginnings of the Romanian modern state. In July 1859 the first offices for statistics were or- ganized in Moldavia and in Wallachia. These first offices united after the com- plete unification of the two provinces in 1862. They became the Central Office for Statistics whose first director was Dionisie Pop Marţian. Between 1859 and 1860 the first modern censuses were organized in Wallachia and Moldavia. The results of these population records were published at that time (Mureşan 1999, 43; Trebici 1995, 10). We must also mention here the introduction, in 1864, of the compulsory secular civil registry by Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Romania’s ruler. From this moment till World War I Romanian statistics went through several institutional and administrative restructurings. The most important scholars in this area were Constantin Crupenschi and Leonida Colescu. The latter coordi- nated the censuses in Romania...

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