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Innovation Networks and Clusters

The Knowledge Backbone

Edited By Blandine Laperche, Paul Sommers and Dimitri Uzunidis

In Economics, networks are increasingly used to describe the many links created between independent companies, as well as between them and other institutions (universities, banks, venture capital, etc.). In the current global and knowledge-based economy, they can be characterised as knowledge factories and knowledge boosters. They feed the internal processes of innovation (collaborative innovation) or the external processes of innovation, created by the propagation effects that come from inter-firm collaboration.
The book explains how innovation networks are at the origin of the production of new knowledge that will be transformed and used in common as well as in separated production processes. This characteristic of networks as knowledge factories gives incentives to further investment in the production of knowledge and ensures the cumulativeness of the innovation process. Some of the authors clearly take a territorial point of view and study how clusters (in different parts of the world: Europe, Eastern Asia and North America) propelled by the quality of the innovation networks they enclose, can be characterised as knowledge pools into which the local actors will be able to draw to reinforce their individual and collective competitiveness. This book also includes analyses of the quality of the networks built within clusters, which may help their identification.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...........................................................................7 INTRODUCTION The Knowledge Base of Innovation Networks ..................................11 Blandine LAPERCHE and Dimitri UZUNIDIS FIRST PART INNOVATION NETWORKS AND CLUSTERS AS KNOWLEDGE BOOSTERS CHAPTER I Conceptualising Innovation Networks and Clusters ........................21 Abdelillah HAMDOUCH CHAPTER II Networking Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights. The Enterprise’s Knowledge Capital .................................................65 Blandine LAPERCHE CHAPTER III Guanxi and the Business Environment in China. An Innovative Network as a ‘Process of a Knowledge-based Economy’ ............................................................89 Francis MUNIER and Cao HUAN CHAPTER IV The Dynamics between Plural and Network-based Entrepreneurship in Small High-Tech Firms ................................. 101 Thierry BURGER-HELMCHEN SECOND PART KNOWLEDGE POOL AND CLUSTERING INNOVATION CHAPTER V The Local Basis of Innovation and Growth Processes ....................................................................... 123 Maryann P. FELDMAN 10 CHAPTER VI The Innovative Milieu as the Driving Force of Entrepreneurship .......................................................................... 135 Sophie BOUTILLIER and Dimitri UZUNIDIS CHAPTER VII Biotechnology and Nanotechnology Innovation Networks in Canadian Clusters .................................... 159 Catherine BEAUDRY and Andrea SCHIFFAUEROVA CHAPTER VIII Identifying Clusters in the Puget Sound Region ............................. 201 Paul SOMMERS and William B. BEYERS Authors ............................................................................................... 225

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