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New Europe, New World?

The European Union, Europe and the Challenges of the 21 st Century

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Edited By Alfonso Martínez Arranz, Natalie J. Doyle and Pascaline Winand

The EU has long played a central role in promoting economic prosperity and political stability in Europe. With twenty-seven countries, it is a powerful trade negotiator and is seen by many as a growing force for global security and welfare. But does the EU giant have feet of clay? Is it recognized as a legitimate political and social project by its own citizens? How well does it respond to global challenges, such as environmental degradation and terrorism? How successful is it in projecting its image as a promoter of human rights, of conflict prevention, social justice, development cooperation, environmental protection and multilateralism?
This volume contributes to the debate about the changing face of Europe and the way it works, not just internally, but also with the rest of the world. It first explores the merits of fostering inclusive multicultural citizenship and religious pluralism in Europe, the necessity of reinventing the EU from below, and the urgency of addressing EU internal migration problems. It then examines the new role of the EU in world politics and how other countries view it in terms of hard and soft power. Can the EU inspire by its development aid, conflict prevention, social and audiovisual policies? How efficient is it in exporting security to the rest of the world? The final chapters deal with the EU in the Asia Pacific region.

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CHAPTER 1. A New Europe in a Changing World. Challenges and Opportunities 15

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CHAPTER 1 A New Europe in a Changing World Challenges and Opportunities Pascaline WINAND, Alfonso MART!NEZ ARRANZ & Natalie J. DOYLE Introduction Over the past few years, the European Union has seen some of the most significant events in its history. Now comprising of twenty-seven countries and with a population of 497 million, it is a key player not only in Europe but also in the world. As a powerful trade negotiator and a leading player in global issues such as the environment, development aid and human rights, the EU is recognized by many as a new force for global security and welfare. lt has long played a central role in promot- ing economic prosperity as well as political stability and democracy in Europe, and this role has been recognized by its partners, including the United States. But does the EU giant have feet of clay? Eastward enlargement, Turkey's application for membership, the constitutional process and the European Parliament elections have all featured prominently in the recent literature on the EU. The 2004 Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe and the 2007 Treaty of Lisbon were both intended to make the European Union work in the context of increasing membership. Yet the French and the Dutch "No's" to the Constitutional Treaty and the 2008 Irish "No" to the Treaty of Lisbon signalled an increasing divide between EU citizens in certain member states and their political dass on key issues at both the national and Union levels. The global financial crisis...

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