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Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other

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Edited By Bo Strath

This book contributes to the debate on what Europe means by demonstrating the complexities and contradictions inherent in the concept. They are seen most clearly when Europe is viewed from a long historical perspective.
During the closing decades of the twentieth century Europe emerged as one of the main points of reference in both the cultural and the political constructs of the global community. An obsession with the concept of European identity is readily discernible. This process of identity construction provokes critical questions which the book aims to address. At the same time the book explores the opportunities offered by the concept of Europe to see how it may be used in the construction of the future. The approach is one of both deconstruction and reconstruction.
The issue of Europe is closely related in the book to more general issues concerning the cultural construction of community. The book should therefore be seen as the companion of Myth and Memory in the Construction of Community, which is also published by PIE-Peter Lang in the series Multiple Europes.
The book appears within the framework of a research project on the cultural construction of community in modernisation processes in comparison. This project is a joint enterprise of the European University Institute in Florence and the Humboldt University in Berlin sponsored by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Fund.

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Preface ..........................................................................................11 Introduction: Europe as a Discourse.....................................13 by Bo Stråth Chapter 1.........................................................................................45 The Last Identification: Why Some of Us Would Like to Call Ourselves Europeans and What We Mean by This by Luisa Passerini Chapter 2.........................................................................................67 The Discourse of Europe and the Search for a European Identity by Hayden White Chapter 3.........................................................................................87 A European Identity? by Lutz Niethammer Chapter 4.......................................................................................113 Foundation Myths and Collective Identities in Early Modern Europe by Peter Burke Chapter 5.......................................................................................123 Decline or Renaissance: The Transformation of European Consciousness after the First World War by Katiana Orluc 8Chapter 6.......................................................................................157 “The Third World” as an Element in the Collective Construction of a Post-Colonial European Identity by Erik Tängerstad Chapter 7.......................................................................................195 Race as a Construction of the Other: “Native Americans” and “Negroes” in the 18th Century Editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica by Silvia Sebastiani Chapter 8.......................................................................................229 Doing Christianity and Europe: An Inquiry into Memory, Boundary and Truth Practices in Malta by Gerold Gerber Chapter 9.......................................................................................279 In-between Nations: Ambivalence and the Making of a European Identity by Patrizia Isabelle Nanz Chapter 10.....................................................................................311 Leningrad into St. Petersburg: The Dream of Europe on the Margins by Svetlana Boym Chapter 11.....................................................................................325 The Social Construction of “Europe”: Life-Cycles of Nation-State Identities in France, Germany and Great Britain by Martin Marcussen & Klaus Roscher 9Chapter 12.....................................................................................359 The Swedish Image of Europe as the Other by Bo Stråth Chapter 13 .................................................................. 385 Multiple Europes: Integration, Identity and Demarcation to the Other by Bo Stråth Chapter 14.....................................................................................421 Coal, Steel and Spirit. The Double Reading...

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