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Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other

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Edited By Bo Strath

This book contributes to the debate on what Europe means by demonstrating the complexities and contradictions inherent in the concept. They are seen most clearly when Europe is viewed from a long historical perspective.
During the closing decades of the twentieth century Europe emerged as one of the main points of reference in both the cultural and the political constructs of the global community. An obsession with the concept of European identity is readily discernible. This process of identity construction provokes critical questions which the book aims to address. At the same time the book explores the opportunities offered by the concept of Europe to see how it may be used in the construction of the future. The approach is one of both deconstruction and reconstruction.
The issue of Europe is closely related in the book to more general issues concerning the cultural construction of community. The book should therefore be seen as the companion of Myth and Memory in the Construction of Community, which is also published by PIE-Peter Lang in the series Multiple Europes.
The book appears within the framework of a research project on the cultural construction of community in modernisation processes in comparison. This project is a joint enterprise of the European University Institute in Florence and the Humboldt University in Berlin sponsored by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Fund.

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About the Contributors 515

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515 About the Contributors Svetlana Boym is Professor of Slavic and Comparative Literature, Harvard University. Her publications include Death in Quotation Marks: Cultural Myths of the Modern Poet (1991) and Common Places: Mythologies of Everyday Life in Russia (1995). J. Peter Burgess is a Philosopher. He is Research Fellow at the Ivar Aasen Institute, Volda College, Senior Research Fellow at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo, and Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence. His most recent book is Ivar Aasen’s Logic of Nation: Toward a Philosophy of Culture (Volda, 1999). Peter Burke is a Professor in Cultural History at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of St Emanuel College. He has published many influential interdisciplinary studies such as History and Social Theory (1992) and Varieties of Cultural History (1997). Gerold Gerber, graduated in Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissen- schaften at the University of Augsburg; from 1994 to 1998 he was a Researcher at the European University Institute, Florence, Department of Political and Social Sciences; since 1999 he is WissenschaftlicherMitarbeiter at the University of Konstanz, Faculty of Social Sciences; his PhD is about the ritual construc- tion of collective identity in cross-cultural encounters. Martin Marcussen is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Political Science, Copenhagen University, Denmark. In the Spring of 1999, he finished a manuscript entitled The Social Construction of European Economic and Monetary Union. At present, he is working on two research projects, respectively entitled “The Internationalisation of Public Administrations in Sweden and Denmark”, and “The OECD and...

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