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Cultural Crossings / À la croisée des cultures

Negotiating Identities in Francophone and Anglophone Pacific Literatures / De la négociation des identités dans les littératures francophones et anglophones du Pacifique


Edited By Raylene Ramsay

Hitherto undiscovered yet fundamental historical and literary texts from the Pacific provide the subject matter of this collection of essays which sets out to explore the new forms of writing and hybrid identities emerging from both past and contemporary cultural contact and exchange in the ‘South Seas’.
This is also a weaving of the connections between Francophone and Anglophone writers long separated by colonial history. Luis Cardoso, writing in Portuguese from East Timor offers further points of contrast. The places of encounter – the beaches of Tahiti, the retelling of the texts of oral tradition, indigenous mastery of writing and appropriation of Western technology, the construction of contemporary Pacific anthologies or emerging post-colonial writing and translation – are sites of interaction and mixing that also involve negotiations of mana or power. From Pierre Loti’s mythical and feminised Tahitians to Déwé Gorodé’s silenced women, the outcomes of such negotiations are dynamic and different syncretisms. Two chapters reexamine the theoretical concept of hybridity from these Pacific perspectives.
Les articles publiés dans le présent recueil explorent les nouvelles formes d’écriture et les identités hybrides issues du creuset des Mers du Sud. Relativement inconnus, les textes au cœur de ces articles n’en sont pas moins les œuvres fondatrices de la région du Pacifique Sud dont ils constituent la trame historique et littéraire.
Longtemps tenus à l’écart les uns des autres par l’histoire coloniale de la région, les textes d’auteurs francophones et anglophones s’enchevêtrent et se recoupent en de multiples domaines. La reprise des textes de tradition orale, l’appropriation autochtone des technologies occidentales, la création d’anthologies contemporaines et l’émergence d’une littérature postcoloniale, sont autant de sites d’interactions et de convergence qui exigent une négociation permanente entre les pouvoirs et mana en présence.
C’est une nouvelle facette du concept d’hybridité que nous proposent ces études de la région Pacifique.


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Pathways between Traditions. (Re)writingand Identity Construction in Kanaky/Nouvelle-Caledonie 121


Pathways between Traditions (Re)writing and Identity Construction in Kanaky/Nouvelle-Caledonie Emma SINCLAIR-REYNOLDS University of Auckland [...] Dix ans plus tard, il convient d'ouvrir une nouvelle etape, marquee par la pleine reconnaissance de l'identite kanak, prealable ä la refondation d'un contrat social entre toutes les communautes qui vivent en Nouvelle- Caledonie [...] Le passe a ete le temps de la colonisation. Le present est le temps du par- tage, par le reequilibrage. L'avenir doit etre le temps de l'identite, dans un destin commun.' In a New Caledonia post-`Evenements' ,2 the implementation of the Noumea Accord' has seen the notion of identity assume a central impor- tance in discussions of the future of this "collectivite sui generis".4 The social identities of the different communities resident in the territory are Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Noumea Accord, pmbl. 2, Paris, 5 May 1998. [Ten years on, it is time to enter a new stage, marked by the full recognition of Kanak identity, a pre-requisite for the re-establishment of a social contract between all the communities living in New Caledonia, [...] The past was the time of colonisation. The present is the time of sharing, through the redressing of imbalances. The future must be the time of identity, within a common destiny.] Note: all translations in square brackets undertaken by author. 2 Euphemistic term referring to the conflict which arose in response to the continuing injustices of the colonial system in the mid 1980s, during which an atmosphere of violence and near civil war hung over New Caledonia....

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