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Networks of Empire

The US State Department’s Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950–70


Giles Scott-Smith

Exchange programmes have been a part of US foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives.
This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State’s most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential ‘opinion leaders’ to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country.
By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US ‘informal empire’ and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.


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APPENDIX III. FLP Grantees from the Netherlands 1950-70 473


473 APPENDIX III FLP Grantees from the Netherlands 1950-701 1950 Jacques Hoek, Political Correspondent, Trouw Evert Vermeer, PvdA MP 1951 Frans P. Fuykschot, Secretary, Protestant Christian Workers Interna- tional Rienk Idenburg, Editor, Het Vrije Volk R.F. Renckens, Volkskrant Mrs Anna Kamstra, Assistant Editor, Margriet J.M. Landré, Director, RVD Dr H.J. Reinink, Director-General for the Arts and Foreign Cultural Relations, Ministry of Education Jacob den Daas, Business Manager, Holland Festival & Director, Netherlands Opera Leonard de Vries, Author, childrens/science books ISAC/MDAP Project (later the NATO Journalist / Leader Program) Roelof K. Heijs, Editor, Nieuwe Provinciale Groninger Courant / Nieuwe Drentse Courant W.J.V. Kint, International Affairs correspondent, De Maasbode Ton van Beers, De Stem van de Arbeid H. Alma, Editor, Zwolse Courant Dirk J. de Jonge, Editor, Haagsche Courant 1 Some dates may be inaccurate due to the difference between fiscal and calendar years. Professions were correct at time of Leader grant. Sources: US Embassy reports, RG 59, National Archives; US Embassy records, The Hague; NATO reports, 1952-55, Bureau of Public Affairs, National Archives; GAI card file; Boxes 158, 170, Archive of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, University of Arkansas. Networks of Empire 474 1952 P.C.W.M. Bogaers, KVP MP Reint Laan, Director, Regional Affairs, International Transportwork- ers Federation (NVV) Anthony Rammelt, Adjunct director, De Geillustreerde Pers Dr W.K.J.J. van Ommen Kloeke, Legal advisor, Ministry for Domes- tic Affairs Govert Verheul, Director, Public Relations, Royal Trade Fair Dr Filippus Brink, Police Inspector, Utrecht NATO Journalist Program Andries Ekker, Political correspondent, Het Parool...

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