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European Foreign Policy

From Rhetoric to Reality?

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Edited By Dieter Mahncke, Alicia Ambos and Christopher Reynolds

There is agreement in political and academic circles that the European Union needs a common foreign and security policy (CFSP). The question is how to move from recognised necessity to practical implementation: from rhetoric to reality. Many efforts have been made, and indeed the creation of a European foreign policy is ‘work in progress’. Bringing together a multinational team of both young researchers and established academics, this volume offers a comprehensive analysis of this process, uniquely combining the examination of the foundations, institutions, procedures and obstacles of EU-level foreign policy with an extensive range of case studies exploring European policy ‘on the ground’ in key areas such as the Balkans, Africa or the Middle East.
Of use and interest to students of European politics and the general reader alike, it breaks through the Euro-jargon to provide a clear, accessible and up-to-date account of this unprecedented system of international relations, with a particular focus placed on the questions of why EU member states participate in the CFSP and what impact it enables them to have in geopolitics.
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PART TWO - CURRENT EFFORTS: CASE-STUDIES

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PART TWO CURRENT EFFORTS: CASE-STUDIES 195 CHAPTER 7 Transatlantic Relations Dieter MAHNCKE Introduction It is not the objective of this case-study to give a broad review or analysis of transatlantic relations as such. This has been done innu- merable times.1 Rather, the purpose is to analyse CFSP with regard to the United States. There will be two guiding questions: – To what extent does the EU act as a single actor in its relations with the United States? – To what extent and in what fields or issue areas does the United States see the EU as a single actor, i.e. as more than simply a number of different European states? It is important to note the ‘single-actor character’ here. This analysis is not concerned with all components of European policy vis-à-vis the United States that have an effect on the United States,2 but only in a very strict sense with those where one can truly speak of an explicitly common European position. Two observations are obvious. First, the European Union is much more of a coherent single actor in its economic and trade relations with the United States3 than in the area of foreign policy. Second, the 1 Including by the present author; see, for example, Dieter Mahncke, Wyn Rees and Wayne Thompson, Redefining Transatlantic Security Relations: The Challenge of Change (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004); Dieter Mahncke, ‘Trans- atlantic Relations: Fractured or Simply Strained?’, Favorita Papers 02/2003, Vienna Diplomatic Academy, pp. 30-42; Dieter Mahncke, ‘Die deutsch-amerikanischen Beziehungen...

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