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Europe in the International Arena during the 1970s / L’Europe sur la scène internationale dans les années 1970

Entering a different world / À la découverte d’un nouveau monde

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Edited By Guia Migani and Antonio Varsori

For some time now studies on European post-war history have regarded the 1970s as a period of crisis and uncertainty. Recently historians of both the Cold War and European integration have started to reassess the 1970s, but we still lack a comprehensive analysis of the period. Such an analysis was the main goal of a research project launched by a group of Italian scholars with the collaboration of foreign colleagues. The present volume is the outcome of the most significant results of the project, all based on extensive archival investigations. It offers significant new contributions on a fundamental period of our most recent history.
Jusqu’à une époque récente, les études sur l’histoire de l’après-guerre en Europe ont considéré les années 1970 comme une période de crise et d’incertitudes. Ce n’est que récemment que les historiens de la guerre froide et de l’intégration européenne ont commencé à réévaluer les années 1970. Une mise en perspective globale faisait cependant encore défaut. Un groupe de chercheurs italiens a décidé de s’y atteler, en développant un projet de recherche avec la collaboration de collègues étrangers. Cet ouvrage présente les résultats de leurs discussions ainsi que des recherches menées dans les archives de plusieurs pays et organisations. Il offre de passionnantes contributions et interprétations sur une période fondamentale de notre histoire récente.

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EUROPE AND THE NORTH-SOUTH CHALLENGEL’EUROPE ET LE DÉFI NORD-SUD

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EUROPE AND THE NORTH-SOUTH CHALLENGE L’EUROPE ET LE DÉFI NORD-SUD 161 Europe, the United Nations and Dialogue with the Third World Luciano TOSI Introduction In the late 1960s and the early 1970s, many factors encouraged a European foreign policy such as the winding down of decolonisation, the end of Charles de Gaulle’s French Presidency, European doubts over the Vietnam War, the Russian-Chinese crisis, and the ostpolitik of Willy Brandt.1 A first step was made with the Davignon Report and the Declaration of Luxembourg in October 1970. The Six committed them- selves to meeting regularly for foreign-policy discussions in order to increase mutual understanding and solidarity, to promote a harmoni- sation of their position within international organisations and confer- ences, and, wherever possible, to undertake common actions without creating common ad hoc institutions.2 At the United Nations, during the 1960s, with the date of the meeting of the General Assembly drawing 1 Attempts at a common foreign policy were there from the very beginning of ECSC. They failed. There were simply too many differences between the various member countries, from EDC to the Fouchet plan; cf, among others Clementi, M., L’Europa e il mondo. La politica estera, di sicurezza e di difesa europea, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2004, p. 43-54. For one of the first experiences of common foreign policy with the United Nations see the recent article by Migani, G., “La Communauté économique européenne et la Commission économique pour l’Afrique de l’ONU: la difficile convergence de deux projets de...

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