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The External Dimension of the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice


Edited By Marise Cremona, Jörg Monar and Sara Poli

During the last decade the rapid growth of justice and home affairs as an internal policy making domain of the European Union has led to the Union emerging as an increasingly important international actor in this field.
This book covers the institutional and legal framework of the external dimension of EU justice and home affairs; issues of policy interaction as well as specific challenges; policy responses and results in the fields of migration policy; judicial cooperation; counter-terrorism; and cooperation with major international partners.
Taking into account the changes introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon as well as the priorities set by the 2010-2014 Stockholm Programme the book provides an in-depth exploration of the political and legal dynamics of a major new dimension of the EU.


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PART SIX COOPERATION WITH MAJOR INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS 367 CHAPTER 13 The Mediterranean Dimension of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice Francesca LONGO 1. Introduction Since the Treaty of Amsterdam, the European Union (EU) is aimed at offering its citizens an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) within its internal borders. Despite the high relevance that this policy- making domain has in EU domestic policies, the AFSJ has been steadily developed as one of the main instruments of the external policy of the European Union. The Tampere Council (1999), the Seville Council (2002) and the Thessaloniki Council (2003) identified the “external dimension” of the AFSJ, providing the EU with the institutional tools needed to include the AFSJ domain in its foreign policy. In 2004, the Hague Programme1 confirmed the relevance of the freedom, security and justice policies for the external relations of the EU and in December 2005 the European Council adopted the “Strategy for External Dimen- sion of Justice, Freedom, Security”.2 This document pointed out the relevance of cooperation with third countries for the development of a genuine AFSJ due to the nature of the policies included into the AFSJ domain. The AFSJ is not a single policy field, since it encompasses a broad number of policies. According to the Hague Programme,3 the AFSJ comprehends the following list of policies: fundamental rights, citizen- ship, free movement of persons, judicial cooperation in civil matters, judicial cooperation in criminal matters, fight against discrimination, police and customs cooperation, fight...

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