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Intercultural Crossings

Conflict, Memory and Identity

Series:

Lénia Marques, Maria Sofia Pimentel Biscaia and Glória Bastos

Intercultural crossings, which are at the core of our contemporary society, are underpinned and shaped by three essential elements: time, space and people. Such encounters and interactions have the capacity not only to promote diversity and a healthy exchange of ideas, but also to act as a catalyst for conflict.
This volume examines the topics of conflict, memory and identity through a collection of insightful viewpoints and perspectives, reflecting a diversity of cultural and social backgrounds, which combine to give a contemporary interdisciplinary analysis of cultural interactions and their effects. The themes covered by the authors, such as memory and forgetfulness, migration, ecological concerns, mixed cultural landscapes, storytelling, postcolonial trauma and internal struggles for identity, offer the reader a fascinating glimpse into the ongoing and evolving social debate about identity and purpose.

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Dynamics of Cultural Landscapes,Identities and Diffusion Processes 23 - João Luís Jesus Fernandes

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23 Dynamics of Cultural Landscapes, Identities and Diffusion Processes João Luís Jesus FERNANDES Universidade de Coimbra The Concept of Cultural Landscape: From a Static Material to a Dynamic Multi-Sensory Landscape As set forth in documents like the European Landscape Convention and the Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, the emphasis in cultural landscapes is on the human dimension of the geographic area and the close relationship between people and nature is respected. That connection results in a landscape shaped over time by varied forms and rhythms of cultural and technological appropriation. Besides recognising the importance of the landscape for sustainable development and people’s quality of life, this normative framework also upholds the heritage value of many of these models of the Earth’s surface since it is also through the territory that collective and individual identities will be affirmed, as they are dynamic realities today that are facing multiple influences in a world that has become more confined and more interdependent. The importance of preserving the diversity of landscapes as a fundamental tool to safeguard geohuman heterogeneity is similarly appreciated through this discourse. This had led to the classification of regions by means of a wide range of statuses, including nature parks, national parks, World Heritage sites and biosphere reserves (Antrop, 2005; Ghimire and Pimbert, 2000). Cultural landscapes are marked by a visible material dimension whose perception has always concerned travellers and geographers (professionals and amateurs), illustrators (painters or photographers), and it became a special...

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