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The Making of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty

The Role of Member States


Edited By Finn Laursen

The European Union (EU) has gone through a number of treaty reforms since the establishment of the European Communities in the 1950s and the creation of the European Union by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. The latest such reform is the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force in 2009.
In this book, a number of scholars explore the process of producing the Lisbon Treaty. The focus is on the role of member states, arguably the ‘masters of the treaty.’ Intergovernmental conferences have become the main setting for treaty reforms since the Single European Act (SEA) in the mid-1980s. This makes national preferences and inter-state bargaining important when new treaties are negotiated.
The Lisbon Treaty delineates a number of institutional changes. In the end the product has to be evaluated against the standards established at the outset. Will the treaty improve the efficiency, democratic legitimacy as well as the coherence of the Union’s external action, as the member states claimed it would? While the final text of the treaty leaves the EU with some new institutional possibilities, it also has its limitations, especially in the area of foreign and security policy.


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List of Abbreviations 13


13 List of Abbreviations ACED Action Committee for European Democracy AFSJ Area of Freedom, Security and Justice CDU Christian Democratic Union (Germany) CEEC Central and Eastern European countries CFSP Common Foreign and Security Policy COREPER Council of Ministers and the Committee of Permanent Representatives ČSSD Czech Social Democratic Party CSDP Common Security and Defence Policy CSU Christian Social Union (Germany) CT Constitutional Treaty EC European Community ECB European Central Bank ECJ European Court of Justice ECSC European Coal and Steel Community EDC European Defence Community EEAS European External Action Service EEC European Economic Community EIB European Investment Bank EMU Economic and Monetary Union ENP European Neighbourhood Policy EP European Parliament EPP European Peoples’ Party ETA Euskadi Ta Askatasuna EU European Union EURATOM European Atomic Energy Community FCP Strana Svobodných Občanů (Free Citizens Party) FDP Free Domocratic Party (Germany) HR High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy HR/VP High Representative/Vice President The Lisbon Treaty: The Treaty-Making Process 14 IGC Intergovernmental Conference JHA Justice and Home Affairs KDU-ČSL Christian Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party KSČM Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia LT Lisbon Treaty MEP Member of the European Parliament MP Member of Parliament NGO Non-governmental Organization NT Nice Treaty ODA Civic Democratic Alliance (Czech Republic) ODS Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic) PD Democratic Party (Italy) PDL People of Freedom or Freedom Party (Italy) PKW Polish Elections Commission PSL Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (Polish Peasants Party) PP Partido Popular (Popular Party) PSOE Partido Socialista Obrero...

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