Enseigner les langues-cultures à l’ère de la complexité / Teaching Language and Culture in an Era of Complexity
Approches interdisciplinaires pour un monde en reliance / Interdisciplinary Approaches for an Interrelated World
Edited By Joëlle Aden, Trevor Grimshaw and Hermine Penz
PARTIE II. REVISITER QUELQUES NOTIONS DIDACTIQUES / PART II. REVISITING SOME EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS
PARTIE II REVISITER QUELQUES NOTIONS DIDACTIQUES PART II REVISITING SOME EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS 147 Teaching Strategies for Achieving Understanding in the Language Classroom Hermine PENZ University of Graz, Austria Introduction The teaching of culture in language education has long been based on factual knowledge and has tended to take a contrastive approach. In recent years, however, the importance of other aspects of teaching culture, such as cultural awareness, skills, etc. has been included in models of intercultural competence and as a consequence in language teaching as well. However, the question is how intercultural competence is reflected in authentic intercultural interactions and how strategies that help to over- come communication problems in intercultural contexts can be taught in the classroom. The present paper takes the concept of communication strategies from interlanguage research as a starting point and then looks into the question of how these could be extended towards strategies for achiev- ing understanding. This approach goes beyond the deficit approach of interlanguage research and the focus on misunderstandings in intercul- tural studies. Instead, it focuses on the role of strategies that support successful communication in intercultural settings where the negotiation of meaning is crucial for the interaction. Based on a study of how strate- gies of achieving understanding are applied by skilled intercultural communicators in international project discussions. The author briefly discusses selected models of intercultural competence with respect to the place they give to these interactive strategies. Finally, the possibili- ties of integrating the teaching of strategies for achieving understanding...
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