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European Union Diplomacy

Coherence, Unity and Effectiveness - With a Foreword by Herman Van Rompuy

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Dieter Mahncke and Sieglinde Gstöhl

This volume looks at the changing goals and instruments of European Union diplomacy and examines the reforms of the Lisbon Treaty and their effects on the unity and coherence of EU external action.
The authors analyse institutional questions, particularly about the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the role of other EU actors in European foreign policy, and explore recent examples of EU multilateral, bilateral and unilateral diplomacy as well as the external perspective of third actors.
The study concludes by investigating the current and future training of the Union’s diplomats, which aims to prepare them for an effective EEAS. Will the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty reforms make the EU fit for the future? Can a common European foreign policy ensure that European interests are taken into consideration and that European values shape international relations? Will the European Union be an actor or an object on the international stage in the coming decades?

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PART II. EXTERNAL ASPECTS: EU INTERACTIONS

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PART II EXTERNAL ASPECTS: EU INTERACTIONS 143 CHAPTER 6 EU Multilateral Diplomacy after Lisbon More Single European Voice in the United Nations? Sieglinde GSTÖHL Introduction: the EU and the Rise of Multilateral Diplomacy Multilateral diplomacy arose essentially in the 20th century in the wake of the creation of the League of Nations and later the United Nations (UN). It has become increasingly important as international institutions proliferated at the global and regional level. Today it com- plements, and in certain aspects even supersedes, traditional bilateral diplomacy. Diplomacy can be “defined as the mechanism of representa- tion, communication and negotiation through which states and other international actors conduct their business”,1 and multilateral diplomacy is understood as diplomacy conducted in the framework of international institutions (such as international regimes, conferences and intergov- ernmental organisations).2 For the European Union (EU) a commitment to effective multilateralism is “a defining principle of its external poli- cy” and means “taking global rules seriously, […] helping other coun- tries to implement and abide by these rules; […] engaging actively in multilateral forums, and promoting a forwardlooking agenda that is not limited to a narrow defence of national interests”.3 1 Jan Melissen, “Introduction”, in Jan Melissen (ed.), Innovation in Diplomatic Practice, London, Macmillan Press, 1999, p. xvii. 2 Keohane defines international institutions as “persistent and connected sets of rules (formal and informal) that prescribe behavioral roles, constrain activity, and shape expectations”. Robert O. Keohane, International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory, Boulder, CO,...

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