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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2011


Edited By Centro interdipartimentale di ricera

The legal and political significance of human rights has increased enormously all over the world. The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2011 provides a dynamic picture of laws, institutions, policies and case law that have implemented international human rights norms in Italy over the past few years, particularly in 2010. The volume has four main sections, which concern respectively: Italy’s adaptation to international human rights law; the human rights infrastructure both at national and sub-national levels; Italy in dialogue with the international machinery; and national, European and international case law.
The Yearbook is the first volume in a series edited by the Centre for Human Rights and the Rights of Peoples of the University of Padua, in cooperation with the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights, Democracy and Peace at the same University. The Centre, founded in 1982 with the support of the Region of Veneto, carries out research and training programmes according to an interdisciplinary approach. It hosts the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on intercultural dialogue and human rights and edits the quarterly journal Pace diritti umani/Peace human rights. The Centre also works in cooperation with the European Commission, the Council of Europe, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNESCO, as well as with civic organizations, schools and local authorities.
The editors of the Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2011 include Andrea Cofelice, Pietro De Perini, Paola Degani, Paolo De Stefani, Marco Mascia, Antonio Papisca (coordinator) and Claudia Pividori.


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PART I IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW IN ITALY 39 International Human Rights Law There are 132 international legal instruments in force dedicated to protecting and promoting human rights, on a global scale and at the regional level, according to the listing annually edited by UNESCO (Major Human Rights Instruments). Tens of other instruments adopted under the aegis of other international organisations can be added, which help orient States’ policies, often with a high degree of effectiveness. The first Part of this Yearbook is dedicated to recapitulating the most relevant international human rights instruments which Italy has fully accepted, incorporating them by ratification and order of execution into its domestic legal system. In this Part are listed as well international instruments which Italy has signed but not ratified, and those which have not yet become the object of any acceptance initiative. The over- view of Italy’s international obligations in this area takes into account conventions of universal scope, often adopted in the sphere of the United Nations or its specialised Agencies, conventions adopted by regional organisations to which Italy belongs, and European Union treaties and legislation. The resulting information is preliminary to the presentation of the national normative system – the Italian Constitution, and State and regional legislation – carried out in the next chapter. In the charts below, the international instruments which establish obligations for Italy in human rights matters are grouped according to the international organisation adopting those instruments, and to thematic area. For each trea- ty, the official...

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