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Consensus and European Integration / Consensus et intégration européenne

An Historical Perspective / Une perspective historique

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Edited By Daniela Preda and Daniele Pasquinucci

Analysis of the formation and development of the consensus on European integration provides an interesting interpretative perspective for studying the history of the construction of a united Europe.
The authors of this volume examine the main reasons – ideological, political, cultural and economic – that have been advanced to encourage citizens to support the European project. The contributors also consider the initiatives proposed by the political and institutional actors involved for promoting this supranational project.
L’analyse de la formation et du développement d’un consensus pour l’intégration européenne représente une piste interprétative intéressante pour étudier l’histoire de la construction de l’Europe unie.
Dans ce volume, les auteurs examinent les principales raisons avancées – idéales, politiques, culturelles, économiques – pour obtenir le soutien des citoyens au projet européen. En outre, ils analysent les initiatives élaborées par les acteurs politiques et institutionnels impliqués dans le processus d’unification dans le but de promouvoir le projet supranational.

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The Consensus of the Italian Left Political Parties on European Integration (1950-1969) (Maria Serena Adesso)

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153 The Consensus of the Italian Left Political Parties on European Integration (1950-1969) Maria Serena ADESSO This paper investigates the role played by Italian Left political parties concerning integration into the European Union. The complex process towards integration, after years of debate and stances against the EU project, is also examined. In order to better develop such an analysis, the following research focuses on two political parties: the PCI1 (Italian Communist Party) and the PSI2 (Italian Socialist Party), even though the scenario of Italian left political parties was more complex and intricate. The PCI was the largest Western Communist political party, while the PSI became part of the first centre-left Italian Government in 1963 and played an important role in Italian history. The following research will be carried out by identifying four significant moments in European and Italian history: 1 Galante, S., Il Partito comunista italiano e l’integrazione europea: il decennio del rifiuto, 1947-1957, Padova, Liviana editrice, 1988; Maggiorani, M., L’Europa degli altri: comunisti italiani e integrazione europea 1957-1969, Roma, Carocci, 1998; Maggiorani, M., Ferrari, P. (dir.), L’Europa da Togliatti a Berlinguer. Testimonianze e documenti 1945-1984, Bologna, Il Mulino; Ferrari, P., In cammino verso Occidente. Berlinguer, il PCI e la Comunità europea negli anni ‘70, Bologna, CLUEB, 2007; Sassoon, D., “La sinistra, l’Europa e il PCI”, in Gualtieri, R. (dir.), Il PCI nell’Italia repubblicana (1943-1991), Roma, Carocci, 2001 p. 223-249; Pons, S., Berlinguer e la fine del comunismo, Torino, Einaudi, 2006. 2 Evangelisti, V., “Dalla crisi del frontismo alla vigilia...

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