An Historical Perspective / Une perspective historique
Edited By Daniela Preda and Daniele Pasquinucci
The authors of this volume examine the main reasons – ideological, political, cultural and economic – that have been advanced to encourage citizens to support the European project. The contributors also consider the initiatives proposed by the political and institutional actors involved for promoting this supranational project.
L’analyse de la formation et du développement d’un consensus pour l’intégration européenne représente une piste interprétative intéressante pour étudier l’histoire de la construction de l’Europe unie.
Dans ce volume, les auteurs examinent les principales raisons avancées – idéales, politiques, culturelles, économiques – pour obtenir le soutien des citoyens au projet européen. En outre, ils analysent les initiatives élaborées par les acteurs politiques et institutionnels impliqués dans le processus d’unification dans le but de promouvoir le projet supranational.
Changes in Discourse and Resistance Positions toward Europe in French Political Parties (1979-2009) (Emmanuelle Reungoat)
165 Changes in Discourse and Resistance Positions toward Europe in French Political Parties (1979-2009) Emmanuelle REUNGOAT Analysis of the attitudes of French political parties toward European integration as envisioned through their discursive practices suggests that positions toward Europe derive from and are conditioned by existing configurations of partisan spaces. The discourses on Europe as expressed through the manifestos produced during European elections, called “Euromanifestos”, are of particular interest to this paper. These texts represent party positions, embody strategies during European elections and reflect the state of partisan doctrines at the same time. This paper focuses more specifically on the evolution of the presentation of positions in the texts of the political formations who resisted Europe “as it was”. Adhered to here is the reading of Hirschmann by Y. Déloye regarding the awareness of European integration processes, in that the latter considers resistance phenomena to be a key factor in the understanding of changes occurring in both society and the national political arena.1 So as to integrate a rather large panorama of the partisan spectrum into analysis, the texts of parties that have expressed opposition to Europe “as it is” have been drawn upon:2 texts from the Ligue communiste révolutionnaire (LCR) and the Lutte ouvrière (LO) on the radical left; the Parti communiste français (PCF); the Mouvement pour la France (MPF) of P. de Villiers as party of the conservative right; and the Front national (FN) of J.M. Le Pen on the radical right. The left-...
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