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Consensus and European Integration / Consensus et intégration européenne

An Historical Perspective / Une perspective historique

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Edited By Daniela Preda and Daniele Pasquinucci

Analysis of the formation and development of the consensus on European integration provides an interesting interpretative perspective for studying the history of the construction of a united Europe.
The authors of this volume examine the main reasons – ideological, political, cultural and economic – that have been advanced to encourage citizens to support the European project. The contributors also consider the initiatives proposed by the political and institutional actors involved for promoting this supranational project.
L’analyse de la formation et du développement d’un consensus pour l’intégration européenne représente une piste interprétative intéressante pour étudier l’histoire de la construction de l’Europe unie.
Dans ce volume, les auteurs examinent les principales raisons avancées – idéales, politiques, culturelles, économiques – pour obtenir le soutien des citoyens au projet européen. En outre, ils analysent les initiatives élaborées par les acteurs politiques et institutionnels impliqués dans le processus d’unification dans le but de promouvoir le projet supranational.

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The Dark Side of The European Integration Process. Does Euroscepticism Matter? (Andrea Mignone)

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315 The Dark Side of the European Integration Process Does Euroscepticism Matter? Andrea MIGNONE Introduction The process of Europeanisation has developed with kind words by many people (mainly national élites) and with strong scepticism by others. Europhiles and Eurosceptics have occupied the political space of discussion about the future of the European Union on one side, and about the Europeanisation process on the other. In this debate, Euro- scepticism has proved to be a multifaceted phenomenon, and it has been accompanied by a growing amount of literature on the subject. Current research concerning Euroscepticism can be divided into two main groups: the first contains studies about party-based Euroscepticism; the second focuses on Euroscepticism in a broader perspective. Euroscepti- cism has become a general term for criticism, doubt and opposition towards the European Union. At each election for the European Parlia- ment (EP) there are worries about the potential rise of Eurosceptic political parties. The novelty, though, resides not so much in the phe- nomenon itself but rather in its increasing visibility and political legiti- macy. Euroscepticism among sections of national élites and the wider pub- lic in Member States has become a major concern for the EU since the early 1990s. More recently, anxiety has crystallised around the loss of momentum in the overall project of European integration. Indeed, opposition to the European project is as old as the project it- self. From the time of the first election of the EP there have been elected representatives who were not...

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