The Evolution of Pension Policy at National and Supranational Level
Pension policy represents in many respects the corner stone of the contemporary European welfare states. And its reform has emerged as a key issue in most of the European countries. This book aims at improving the knowledge of the long-term and more recent evolution of retirement programmes and their regulation at national and supranational level. It gives detailed information about pensions in nine Western and Eastern European countries (Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Italy, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden and UK). In parallel it develops the study of the European Union action in the field, through regulation, the Stability and Growth Pact and the Open Method of Coordination.
What does history tell us about the evolution of pensions? Is it a story of stability or change? Is there any convergence between European pension models? And then what is the role of the European Union in the field?
This book provides answers to these questions and gives scholars, students and policy-makers a comprehensive description of national retirement programmes as well as theoretical analysis of the reform politics, output and outcomes with a focus on national and European dynamics.
‘Pensions in Europe, European Pensions’ represents a promising step beyond the more traditional comparative contributions, revealing the complex interaction of national and supranational institutions engaged in the most important welfare policy in the ageing European society.
List of Abbreviations 9
9List of Abbreviations AFG Association française de la gestion financière AGIRC Association générale des institutions de retraite des cadres (France) ARRCO Association pour le régime de retraite complémentaire des salariés (France) AWG-EPC Ageing Working Group of the Economic Policy Committee BEPG Broad Economic Policy Guidelines CEC Commission of the European Communities CEE Central Eastern European Countries COVIP Commissione di Vigilanza sui Fondi Pensione (Italy) DARES Direction de l’Animation de la Recherche, des Etudes et des Statistiques (France) DB Defined-Benefit DC Defined-contribution DG Directorate General DPP Double Payment Problem DWP Department for Work and Pensions (UK) EC European Community ECB European Central Bank ECDS Estonian Central Depository for Securities ECJ European Court of Justice ECOFIN Council for Economic and Financial Affairs EES European Employment Strategy EFRP European Federation for Retirement Provision EMS European Monetary System EMU European Monetary Union EP European Parliament EPC Economic Policy Committee ERM Exchange Rate System Pensions in Europe. European Pensions 10 ESCB European System of Central Banks EU European Union GRAPA Garantie de ressources aux personnes âgées (Belgium) ILO International Labour Office INPS Istituto Nazionale di Previdenza Sociale (Italy) IORP Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision IPD Implicit Pension Debt ISG-SPC Indicators Sub-Group of the Social Protection Committee ISSA International Social Security Association KAD Slovenian Pension Management Fund KRUS Polish Social Insurance Institution for Farmers MP Multi-Pillar NCD Notional Defined-Contribution NSR National Strategy Reports NSZZ Solidarnos Polish Trade Union Confederation OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OMC Open...
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