Memorias y lugares de memoria de Europa- Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe- Memories and Places of Memory in Europe
Edited By Éric Bussière and Enrique Moradiellos
Actes du séminaire doctoral d’été « Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe » organisé par la Fondation Académie européenne de Yuste avec la collaboration du réseau SEGEI, au Monastère royal de Yuste et palais de Charles Quint en Estrémadure, Espagne (du 6 au 9 juillet 2009).
Proceedings of the doctoral summer seminar, «Memories and Places of Memory of Europe», organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation in cooperation with the SEGEI network, in the Royal Monastery of Yuste and Palace of Charles V, in Extremadura, Spain (from 6
Introduction (Éric Bussière)
41 Introduction Éric BUSSIÈRE Awarding the Charles V European Prize to Simone Veil was justifi- cation enough for the decision to make memory the subject of debate of the Yuste Foundation doctoral seminar. On the one hand, because the memory of Simone Veil’s experience is at the heart of a permanent and necessary reflection on European civilization, its present and future, but also of a reflection on political commitment, its demands and its aims. The decision was equally justified by the amount of reflection carried out on the subject in academic circles after 1984, which saw the publi- cation of Pierre Nora’s book on memory sites.1 Other works came from different sources and were marked by their multidisciplinary nature, of which the papers presented at Yuste are a good example. The papers published in this work have taken a very wide approach to the notion of memory and memory sites from disciplines such as political sciences, sociology, history, etc., but have shown that all these approaches complement each other. European memory is often associated with places. These are often identified with visible symbols like the Acropolis or the Capitolio and also with more or less precisely located events like wars or political trials in Russia in the 1930s. But events themselves become attached to places like Dresden, for example, which is identified in the eyes of many with the 1945 bombings, and also Auschwitz or the Bosnian camps. Places serve, then, as both referents and symbols of historic realities....
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