Memorias y lugares de memoria de Europa- Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe- Memories and Places of Memory in Europe
Edited By Éric Bussière and Enrique Moradiellos
Actes du séminaire doctoral d’été « Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe » organisé par la Fondation Académie européenne de Yuste avec la collaboration du réseau SEGEI, au Monastère royal de Yuste et palais de Charles Quint en Estrémadure, Espagne (du 6 au 9 juillet 2009).
Proceedings of the doctoral summer seminar, «Memories and Places of Memory of Europe», organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation in cooperation with the SEGEI network, in the Royal Monastery of Yuste and Palace of Charles V, in Extremadura, Spain (from 6
Which Memories for the European Union? The Role of History and Memory in the European Integration Process (Oriane Calligaro)
47 Which Memories for the European Union? The Role of History and Memory in the European Integration Process Oriane CALLIGARO European University Institute, Florence, Research Grants “Charles V European Award 2008-Simone Veil” Introduction Can the European Union (EU) have a memory?1 The emergence of a collective memory of the EU appears as highly problematic. The EU is indeed a hybrid entity; it is more than a mere association of states but it is not a federal state. Partly because of this hybrid nature, the citizens’ identification with the Union as political community is weak. Moreover, this unprecedented community brings together nation states which very often share a contentious past. The memory of these fierce conflicts played a central role in the identity-building process of European na- tions. Considering the strong link between collective memory and national identity and the limited political and symbolical power of the European institutions, the emergence of a common memory for the EU seems very difficult.2 However, this article aims to demonstrate that memory is at the very heart of the integration process. Indeed, two places of memory represent the symbolical foundation of European unification: Europe and war. The place of memory “Europe” refers to Europe as an idea, as a his- torical and cultural concept with blurry contours which is the inevitable symbolic reference of the EU. The second place of memory is war as an 1 For the sake of simplicity, I will generally use the term European Union also for periods in...
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