Memorias y lugares de memoria de Europa- Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe- Memories and Places of Memory in Europe
Edited By Éric Bussière and Enrique Moradiellos
Actes du séminaire doctoral d’été « Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe » organisé par la Fondation Académie européenne de Yuste avec la collaboration du réseau SEGEI, au Monastère royal de Yuste et palais de Charles Quint en Estrémadure, Espagne (du 6 au 9 juillet 2009).
Proceedings of the doctoral summer seminar, «Memories and Places of Memory of Europe», organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation in cooperation with the SEGEI network, in the Royal Monastery of Yuste and Palace of Charles V, in Extremadura, Spain (from 6
The Great Terror in Euro-communists’ Eyes (Valentine Lomellini)
179 The Great Terror in Euro-communists’ Eyes Valentine LOMELLINI Researcher Fellowship University of Padua-Italy Introduction: Past Magnifying Lenses to Analyse a Contemporary Phenomenon This paper aims to analyse the memorialization process of the Soviet Great Terror, by the two main Euro-communist Parties – those of Italy and France. The Soviet Great Terror was – at least, partially – removed from the memory of the Western Communist Parties in the aftermath of the Second World War. During the 1970s, the launch of an innovative political project – “euro-communism” – brought the topic of the Soviet political trials during the 1930 and the necessity to revaluate this prob- lematic past to the fore.1 Nevertheless, the euro-communists’ memoriali- zation had to cope with the resistance and scepticism of Moscow: to the Soviets’ eyes, condemning the Great terror’s trials meant denouncing those of the 1970s, establishing a parallel between the Stalinist Soviet Union and that under Brezhnev’s leadership. We should remember that, while the first half of the 1970s was the period of the highest prestige of the USSR, from 1975 onwards the Soviet Union had to face publicly the issues of violations of human rights (case of Solženicyn, Sacharov and Pliušč), charges of “socialist imperialism” for its intervention in Angola and in Afghanistan, and the Polish crisis.2 Straddling past and present, adding another element to the precarious image of the USSR, the politics of memory (or “memorialization” as we 1 To have a general overview of the phenomenon “Euro communism”, cf.: Rizzo, A., La frontiera dell’eurocomunismo, Bari,...
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