Memorias y lugares de memoria de Europa- Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe- Memories and Places of Memory in Europe
Edited By Éric Bussière and Enrique Moradiellos
Actes du séminaire doctoral d’été « Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe » organisé par la Fondation Académie européenne de Yuste avec la collaboration du réseau SEGEI, au Monastère royal de Yuste et palais de Charles Quint en Estrémadure, Espagne (du 6 au 9 juillet 2009).
Proceedings of the doctoral summer seminar, «Memories and Places of Memory of Europe», organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation in cooperation with the SEGEI network, in the Royal Monastery of Yuste and Palace of Charles V, in Extremadura, Spain (from 6
Polish-Ukrainian Historical Discourses and Reconciliation (Oleksandr Svyetlov)
197 Polish-Ukrainian Historical Discourses and Reconciliation Oleksandr SVYETLOV Research Grants “Charles V European Award 2008-Simone Veil” With the emergence of independent non-communist Poland and Ukraine those wishing to understand their neighbours essentially have to talk about common historical experience. The Spanish philosopher Santayana underlined the importance of memory and remembrance for post-conflict reconciliation by saying that “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” (Santayana 1905). Therefore it is of special interest to take a retrospective look at some contentious events of the past, dominant discourses related to it, public remembering, as well as mutual reconciliation efforts both in Poland and Ukraine. This paper deals with the reinterpretation of the 1942-1947 events in both countries with emphasis on the current dialogue regarding Polish-Ukrainian history. Indeed the actions of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), the Polish Armija Krajowa (AK), the USSR and the new Polish state played a central role in the context of mutual Polish-Ukrainian ethnic cleansing operations in this time period. Therefore the narrowing down of this conflict’s main actors to two only respective ethnic groups cannot be justified. Europe has a long history of inter-state and inter-ethnic conflicts. Experience shows that it is often possible to reactivate these, irrespec- tive of how they were resolved in the past. In Europe after the end of the Cold War there emerged many memory-related social movements, which questioned the legitimacy of certain memory representations. Indeed, coming to terms with a painful past is crucial for the social reconstruction...
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