Memorias y lugares de memoria de Europa- Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe- Memories and Places of Memory in Europe
Edited By Éric Bussière and Enrique Moradiellos
Actes du séminaire doctoral d’été « Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe » organisé par la Fondation Académie européenne de Yuste avec la collaboration du réseau SEGEI, au Monastère royal de Yuste et palais de Charles Quint en Estrémadure, Espagne (du 6 au 9 juillet 2009).
Proceedings of the doctoral summer seminar, «Memories and Places of Memory of Europe», organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation in cooperation with the SEGEI network, in the Royal Monastery of Yuste and Palace of Charles V, in Extremadura, Spain (from 6
Cultural Heritage and National Identity in Post-socialist Macedonia (Davorin Trpeski)
209 Cultural Heritage and National Identity in Post-socialist Macedonia Davorin TRPESKI Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje Research Grants “Charles V European Award 2008-Simone Veil” Introduction History, culture and heritage are issues which raise special interest and attention. This is a result of the fact that the human being is in a constant quest for his own past and his own identity; be it personal, local, ethnic, national or religious. One could say that history, culture and heritage are one of the fundamental aspects of human life. Although man is their creator, these elements affect him and contribute to the shaping of his identity; “telling him” who he is, where he is coming from, where he belongs and where he is heading (Гирц [Girc] 2007).1 Glen Jordan and Chris Weedon (1999-2000) emphasize the point that traces of history can be found everywhere: in city monuments, street names, museums, education etc. They represent a reflection of human activities in time and space. Throughout history, the purpose of man’s actions was not to create a cultural heritage, but, in order to improve his living conditions, he created culture in many different forms and ways. As societies devel- oped, and early forms of state organization and private property ap- peared, social differences became more and more apparent. People started to value objects. This is one of the elements on the basis of which man created his identity, in what Pierre Bourdieu (1985) calls societal space or societal topology....
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