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Memorias y lugares de memoria de Europa- Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe- Memories and Places of Memory in Europe

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Edited By Éric Bussière and Enrique Moradiellos

Actas del seminario doctoral de verano, «Memorias y Lugares de Memoria de Europa», organizado por la Fundación Academia Europea de Yuste con la colaboración de la Red SEGEI en el Real Monasterio de Yuste y Palacio de Carlos V, en Extremadura, España (del 6 al 9 de julio de 2009).
Actes du séminaire doctoral d’été « Mémoires et lieux de mémoire en Europe » organisé par la Fondation Académie européenne de Yuste avec la collaboration du réseau SEGEI, au Monastère royal de Yuste et palais de Charles Quint en Estrémadure, Espagne (du 6 au 9 juillet 2009).
Proceedings of the doctoral summer seminar, «Memories and Places of Memory of Europe», organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation in cooperation with the SEGEI network, in the Royal Monastery of Yuste and Palace of Charles V, in Extremadura, Spain (from 6 th to 9 th July 2009).

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Cultural Landscapes. Places of Memory (Miroslav Velkov Illiev)

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239 Cultural Landscapes Places of Memory Miroslav VELKOV ILLIEV Research Grants “Charles V European Award 2008-Simone Veil” Introduction The landscape is all that surrounds us; it is what we recognise as a characteristic of a certain territory. On the one hand, the landscape is naturally defined: mountainous or planar; fluvial or marine; verdant or desert. On the other, it can be defined by human activity: urban or industrial. In most cases the landscape (especially the European land- scape) has formed as a mixture of natural and man-made features. The landscape does not have only visual dimension, but it is a con- glomerate of various perceptions that draw a whole picture of physical and mental dimensions. Between society and landscape there exist spiritual links, related to the feeling of belonging to a given place.1 For example, after the closure of the Völklingen Ironworks near Saarbrücken in Germany in 1986 (now a World Heritage site and a museum), after more than a century of work, the silence was so unusual, that the local people could not sleep – the permanent noise had become part of the industrial landscape and of people’s everyday life. People also often project onto the landscape various private and public feelings, giving a new social value to the physical environment. For example, the characteristics of a landscape may evoke in people certain personal emotions and associations – one refers to the landscape as “dynamic”, “serene”, “rough” or “pastoral”. These personal feelings become rooted in the collective memory and...

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