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Collective Traumas

Memories of War and Conflict in 20th-Century Europe

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Edited By Conny Mithander, John Sundholm and Maria Holmgren Troy

Collective Traumas is about the traumatic European history of the 20 th century – war, genocide, dictatorship, ethnic cleansing – and how individuals, communities and nations have dealt with their dark past through remembrance, historiography and legal settlements. Memories, and especially collective memories, serve as foundations for national identities and are politically charged. Regardless whether memory is used to support or to challenge established ideologies, it is inevitably subject to political tensions. Consequently, memory, history and amnesia tend to be used and abused for different political and ideological purposes. From the perspectives of historical, literary and visual studies the essays focus on how the experiences of war and profound conflict have been represented and remembered in different national cultures and communities.
This volume is a vital contribution to memory studies and trauma theory.
Collective Traumas is a result of the multidisciplinary research project on Memory Culture that was initiated in 2002 at Karlstad University, Sweden. A previous publication with Peter Lang is Memory Work: The Theory and Practice of Memory (2005).

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Table of Contents 7

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7 Table of Contents Acknowledgements ................................................................................ 9 Preface .................................................................................................. 11 Bo Stråth Memory of Mass Murder. The Genocide in Armenian and Non-Armenian Historical Consciousness ................................... 13 Klas-Göran Karlsson The Novelist as an Agent of Collective Remembrance. Pat Barker and the First World War ................................................ 47 Maria Holmgren Troy Open Wounds? Trianon, the Holocaust and the Hungarian Trauma................................................................ 79 Kristian Gerner “The Unknown Soldier.” Film as a Founding Trauma and National Monument ................................................................... 111 John Sundholm Agnieszka Holland’s Europa, Europa as a Critical Voice in the Polish Debate on the Second World War.............................. 143 Małgorzata Pakier “Let Us Forget the Evil Memories.” Nazism and the Second World War from the Perspective of a Swedish Fascist ........................................................................... 179 Conny Mithander The Memory of Unexpressed Trauma. The Romanian 1960s ....... 215 Adrian Velicu Skeletons in the Historical Cupboard. Reflections on Irish National Memory in Joseph O’Neill’s Blood-Dark Track............................................................................... 245 Billy Gray Contributors....................................................................................... 267

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