Memories of War and Conflict in 20th-Century Europe
Edited By Conny Mithander, John Sundholm and Maria Holmgren Troy
This volume is a vital contribution to memory studies and trauma theory.
Collective Traumas is a result of the multidisciplinary research project on Memory Culture that was initiated in 2002 at Karlstad University, Sweden. A previous publication with Peter Lang is Memory Work: The Theory and Practice of Memory (2005).
Memory of Mass Murder. The Genocide in Armenian and Non-Armenian Historical Consciousness (Klas-Göran Karlsson) 13
13 Memory of Mass Murder The Genocide in Armenian and Non-Armenian Historical Consciousness1 Klas-Göran KARLSSON Many decades have elapsed since the genocide of the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire was perpetrated. On April 24, 1915, during the on- going First World War, which had started unsuccessfully for the Otto- mans, the Young Turkish government triggered off the mass murder by having hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople and other large cities arrested and killed. The attention of the world was directed towards the Allied attempt to land troops on the Gallipoli peninsula, in order to put an end to the engagement of the Ottoman Empire in the war machinery of Germany and its allies. In this situation, mass violence against the Armenian population started off, with the aim to wipe out the Armenians from Ottoman territory once and for all. Relevant measures were taken beforehand: a ‘Special Or- ganisation’ had been set up already in August 1914 to supervise and carry out the genocidal activities, and Armenians in the Ottoman army had been disarmed and assigned to special labour battalions in the early spring of 1915. After initial massacres of these battalions and the Arme- nian intellectual elite, persecution became systematic. Temporary laws were forced through by the government cabinet, laws that had some- times, but far from always, been promulgated by the Ottoman Parlia- ment, where the treatment of the Armenians at times caused debate and complaints.2 Armenian goods and properties were confiscated and Armenian...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.