The European Employment and Social Inclusion Strategies – Second Printing
Edited By Jonathan Zeitlin and Philippe Pochet
PART III: COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENTS
PART III COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENTS This page intentionally left blank CHAPTER 10 Participation in the Open Method of Co-ordination The Cases of Employment and Social Inclusion Caroline DE LA PORTE & Philippe POCHET Introduction 1 The Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC) has generally been pre- sented as a new form of governance, which differs from the traditional Community Method along various dimensions, including participation, our concern here2• Broad participation in the OMC is emphasised as a positive and desirable feature in the political rhetoric, as well as in the academic literature that has flourished since Lisbon (see the University of Wisconsin-Madison website http://eucenter.wisc.edu). In the docu- ment where the features of the OMC are defined as well as the Conclu- sions of the Lisbon European Council, there is an explicit reference to the need to include all concerned actors, from civil society to govern- mental actors, at different levels, from local to European, in a multi- level logic (Council of the European Union, 2000; European Council, 2000a: 10). This is confirmed by various academic and political agents supporting the OMC (Telo, 2002; Rodrigues, 2002). Participation is part of a broader governance agenda. Radaelli (2003: 45) underlines that participation "[ ... ] is one dimension of the whole issue of accountabil- ity, democratisation and legitimacy of the new mode of governance". In analysing the participation process, we consider decision-making in the OMC basically similar to the other processes at EU level. It is above all a process based on political bargaining, in which (relevant) We...
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