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Strategic Natural Resource Governance / La gouvernance des ressources naturelles stratégiques

Contemporary Environmental Perspectives / Perspectives contemporaines dans le domaine de l’environnement

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Edited By Carmen Maganda and Olivier Petit

Natural resources are exploited on a daily basis to provide basic services but they are managed for different purposes. Strategic environmental governance has been one of the most successful notions in the political arena and in the academic literature in recent times. This book presents different approaches to environmental governance, aiming to understand the roles of different stakeholders at different levels, which is a key issue in the field of environment and natural resources. The book is essential reading for researchers, students and decision-makers involved in the management of natural resources at local, regional, national and international levels.
Les ressources naturelles sont exploitées quotidiennement pour fournir des besoins élémentaires, mais elles sont également gérées pour différentes finalités. La notion de gouvernance environnementale stratégique a sans doute été l’une des notions ayant rencontré le plus de succès au niveau politique comme dans les milieux académiques, ces vingt dernières années, et un bilan s’avère aujourd’hui nécessaire. Cet ouvrage présente différentes approches de la gouvernance environnementale, visant notamment à comprendre le rôle des acteurs à différentes échelles, ce qui constitue un enjeu essentiel dans le domaine de l’environnement et des ressources naturelles. Cet ouvrage est destiné à un large lectorat composé de scientifiques, d’étudiants, mais aussi de gestionnaires de l’environnement opérant à toutes les échelles, du local à l’international.

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INTRODUCTION: Strategic Natural Resource Governance. Contemporary Environmental Perspectives (Carmen MAGANDA & Olivier PETIT)

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9 INTRODUCTION Strategic Natural Resource Governance Contemporary Environmental Perspectives Carmen MAGANDA & Olivier PETIT Laboratoire de science politique, Université du Luxembourg Luxembourg & CLERSE-CNRS, Université d’Artois, France Human settlements, industries, markets, green areas and all related human activities depend every day on strategic natural resources (land, fresh water, oil, gas, minerals, wood, etc.), even if they are not available in the immediate surroundings. Human history is full of examples of strategic management and distribution of natural resources aimed at increasing both political and economic control1. Moreover, human civilization (with exceptions from few specific practices), no longer has a direct relationship with Nature based on daily survival. Public authori- ties, professional companies and/or private firms know where all these natural and strategic resources are located, how to process them all over the world and how to bring them to users (citizens, industries and any other consumer who can pay for it), in the form of “basic services”. But how can this disembodied relationship contribute to transform users in stakeholders, as part of an “environmental governance” arena? Does this disembodied relation only represent the consumption part of market- based environmental management? Natural and strategic resources are not only exploited on a daily ba- sis to provide basic services but they are governed with different pur- poses. Governance has probably been one of the most successful no- tions in the political arena and in the social and political science 1 Hydro-hegemony is among the oldest samples of natural resources control. Many of the ancient and...

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