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Democracy at the United Nations

UN Reform in the Age of Globalisation

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Edited By Giovanni Finizio and Ernesto Gallo

What role should the United Nations play in a globalising world? How can it support and embody international democracy? The decline of state sovereignty, an effect of globalisation, is bringing about a crisis both in politics, as a tool to pursue the common good, and in democracy, as the key instrument by which we can control our destinies. The UN, the only organisation with broad political goals and worldwide jurisdiction, has the potential to manage globalisation democratically and promote the common good of humanity. However, it is still controlled by nation states and operates according to power relations typical of the pre-globalisation era. UN reform is therefore crucial, today more than ever.
This book examines two areas of reform: first, the creation of a democratic assembly in which world citizens are represented, in order to adapt democracy to meet the challenges of globalisation; and second, the strengthening of the Security Council through democratisation and regionalisation, in order to ensure world security, whose characteristics have evolved significantly in the global age. The contributors come from a wide variety of different backgrounds, including political science, sociology, economics, law, philosophy and history, providing a multifaceted and multidisciplinary debate on this important topic.

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Abbreviations ......................................................................................... 9 Introduction ......................................................................................... 13 Giovanni Finizio and Ernesto Gallo PART I UNITED NATIONS REFORM AND CHANGING WORLD POLITICS A World of Regions? New Regionalism as a Response to Globalisation and the Decline of US Hegemony ........................... 29 Mario Telò Erosion of State Sovereignty and Institutions to Govern Globalisation ...................................................................... 41 Lucio Levi Whither the United Nations? .............................................................. 81 Samir Amin World Government or Global Governance? The UN Project in Historical Perspective ........................................ 113 Joseph P. Baratta Changing the United Nations. The Key Role of Governance and Managerial Reform .......................................... 125 Alessandro Polsi PART II THE QUEST FOR PEOPLE’S REPRESENTATION AT THE UNITED NATIONS Cosmopolitan Democracy. A Restatement ...................................... 149 Daniele Archibugi Globalisation, Cosmopolitanism and Democracy ........................... 161 Ernesto Gallo 8 On the First Branch of Global Governance .................................... 179 Andrew L. Strauss Beyond the UN. A World Federal Government? ............................ 193 Raffaele Marchetti PART III STRENGTHENING AND DEMOCRATISING THE SECURITY COUNCIL The Evolution of Security in a Globalizing World ......................... 217 Fen O. Hampson Universal Regional Representation as a Basis for Security Council Reform ............................................................ 231 Joseph E. Schwartzberg Security Council Reform. A Requirement of International Democracy .............................................................. 263 Hans Köchler Strengthening the Rule of Law as a Means of Reforming the UN Security Council.................................................................... 275 Paolo Bargiacchi The Security Council Reform as a “Sustainable Process”. The Role of the European Union ...................................................... 289 Giovanni Finizio Index ................................................................................................... 317 Bibliography ....................................................................................... 331 About the Contributors ..................................................................... 359

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