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The Wage under Attack

Employment Policies in Europe

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Bernadette Clasquin and Bernard Friot

Challenging the widespread view of the continental model of social protection as a «corporatist-conservative» system, this book stresses the creative thrust of the two major institutions of the Bismarckian tradition: the social contribution that finances the socialised wage, and the qualification system that liberates workers from the labour market. These institutions have come under attack over the past two decades via European Employment Strategy policies aimed at imposing the Beveridgean model. And the European Union is using the current economic crisis to justify stepping up this reform process.
The conceptual framework proposed in this volume provides the basis for a critical examination of the interrelated developments in European integration and national policies on employment and social protection. As well as contributing to a sociology of monetary resources, it highlights the emancipatory potential of the continental tradition of the socialised wage, and demonstrates the negative implications of the European Union-led reforms.

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List of Acronyms.................................................................................... 9 Introduction ......................................................................................... 12 Bernadette CLASQUIN, Bernard FRIOT and Merle SHORE PART I: EMPLOYMENT, THE WAGE AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Reconsidering the Linkage between Employment and Social Protection: the Resource Regime Framework................ 29 Andreana KHRISTOVA, Nathalie MONCEL and Bernard FRIOT Employment and the Wage: Relationships on the Move ................. 47 Bernard FRIOT PART II: THE EUROPEANISATION OF EMPLOYMENT AND WAGE POLICIES European Pension Reforms: The Development of a Reform Rhetoric: 1993-2003 ........................ 71 Corinne GOBIN How Community Interventions Converge to Bring about a Shift in Resource Regimes: the Example of Pension Reforms...... 93 Gaël CORON and Bernard FRIOT Euro-unionism and the Wage ........................................................... 117 Anne DUFRESNE Should Fiscal Policies Be Included in a Labour Market Policy Database? ................................................................................ 133 Ana Paula RIBEIRO and Margarida RUIVO 8PART III: BACK INTO THE LABOUR MARKET! Unemployment and Active Labour Market Policies in Austria............................................................................................ 159 Roland ATZMÜLLER New Employment Forms Reducing the Scope of the Wage ........... 183 Marti LÓPEZ ANDREU, Andreu LOPE PEÑA and Joan Miquel VERD Workfare or Social Security? Labour Market and Social Policies in the UK ............................................................ 207 Roland ATZMÜLLER The Hybridisation of Worker’s Resources: Wage Supplements and Wage Subsidies ......................................... 225 Joan Miquel VERD CONCLUSION From “Wage-friendly” to “Employment-friendly” Growth .......... 245 Corinne GOBIN References .......................................................................................... 273

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