Africa, America, Asia, Europe / Afrique, Amérique, Asie, Europe
Edited By François-Joseph Ruggiu
Ce livre s’intéresse, dans une perspective multiculturelle, à l’écriture de soi, et aux questions connexes de la formation même du soi, de l’émergence de l’individu ou encore du débat sur l’apparition des sphères privées et publiques. Il compare les caractéristiques de l’écrit personnel tel qu’il a eu cours en Europe ou dans les pays occidentaux (comme les journaux intimes, les mémoires, les autobiographies, entre autres) avec les formes écrites du soi personnel, intime ou autobiographique telles qu’elles ont pu exister, et existent, dans différentes cultures asiatiques, africaines ou proches-orientales. Ce livre lance également un appel pour une histoire globale des écrits personnels.
Characteristics of Egodocuments in Edo Period Japan (1603 -1867) - Reiji Iwabuchi
107 Characteristics of Egodocuments in Edo Period Japan (1603-1867) Reiji IWABUCHI1 Gakushūin Women’s College, Tokyo Introduction: An outline of egodocuments in Japan during the Edo period (1603-1867) The first known egodocument in Japan is a piece of diaries that were kept on the calendar by a copyist (who was an officer in charge of transcribing Chinese classic texts) in 746. Diaries written by the emperor (such as ‘Udatenno shinki’) and the court nobility appeared from the end of the 9th century. As time progressed, diaries came to be kept also by Buddhist monks, Shinto priests and scholars. The Edo period (1603-1867), which underwent no foreign wars and few civil ones, was relatively a peaceful era compared to the previous civil war period. With the political stability, egodocuments written by samurai appeared. Moreover, after the late 18th century, private (non-state-run) local schools were established in various places across the country, which enabled people of wider social ranks to read and write. As a result, almost all wealthy farmers and merchants also came to create egodocuments2. A vast amount of those still survive throughout the country. In East Asia, the first written culture was established in China. However, Japan has the largest number of existing egodocuments in the East Asian countries. Only counting the famous diaries, over five hundred titles were found from feudal Japan. The number of existing egodocuments is unknown since there were so many. It might allow us to say that Japan in the Edo period was the...
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