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The Emergence of the Social Economy in Public Policy / L’émergence de l’Économie sociale dans les politiques publiques

An International Analysis / Une analyse internationale

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Edited By CIRIEC

There is growing international recognition of the importance of the social economy, consisting of cooperatives, mutuals and non-profit organizations. The Social Economy provides resilience in financial crises, choice in a plural economy, greater social capital and the means for development of a more democratic and inclusive civil society. But questions remain: how best develop policies and institutions to exploit this potential? What policies have emerged? And why have they emerged in some countries and not in others? This book presents work undertaken by experts and policymakers from Europe, America and Asia under the auspices of CIRIEC’s International Scientific Commission on «Social and Cooperative Economy». After a general analysis of public policies concerning the social economy, its key features, objectives and pattern of evolution, the book provides a supranational and international approach from both a European perspective (examining the policies of European bodies) and a South American perspective. This is followed by a number of national and regional analyses. The book concludes by examining the evolution, divergence and convergence of the social economy and its integration in public policy.
Face à la crise, coopératives, mutuelles et associations tentent de créer du capital social et de construire une société plus démocratique et inclusive. L’Économie sociale serait-elle enfin entrée dans l’agenda politique des gouvernements ? Une vague de nouvelles lois et projets de lois d’économie sociale semblent le confirmer. Pourquoi ces politiques ont-elles émergé dans certains pays et non d’autres ? Quelles ont été leurs portée et limites ? Chercheurs et experts d’Europe, d’Amérique et d’Asie ont travaillé sous les auspices de la Commission scientifique internationale « Économie sociale et coopérative » du CIRIEC pour dresser un premier bilan international de ces questions. Cet ouvrage propose dans un premier temps une analyse générale des politiques publiques en faveur de l’Économie sociale, à la fois dans leur construction, leurs modalités, leurs objectifs et leurs évolutions. L’analyse se place ensuite dans une double perspective européenne (par l’examen des politiques des instances européennes) et latino-américaine. Enfin, des analyses nationales et régionales visent à mettre en exergue les spécificités historiques et institutionnelles.

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Public Policies Supporting the Social Economy. The Specific Case of the Walloon Region (Belgium) (Dimitri COUTIEZ & François MOENS)

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261 Public Policies Supporting the Social Economy The Specific Case of the Walloon Region (Belgium) Dimitri COUTIEZ & François MOENS Propage-s* (Belgium) In November 2008, the Parliament of the Walloon Region (Belgium) adopted a decree (LAW) relating to the “social economy”1. This text is an essential step towards the integration of the social economy sector as an important actor in terms of socio-economic development and the public policies put in place to support it. In fact it marks the clear desire of the public authorities to support, and above all recognise, the importance of providing a structure for a sector which offers an alternative to the traditional capitalist system. It is also the result of a long process during which various support and subsidy schemes were drawn up and in * PROPAGE-S is a consultancy agency in social economy approved by the Wallonia area and founded on the initiative of the FGTB Wallonia. Active since January 2009 and established in Charleroi (Monceau-sur-Sambre), Liège and Namur, PROPAGE-S offers its services for the whole of Wallonia. As a consultancy agency, our primary functions are to accompany and advise pro- jects in social economy, and particularly in social enterprise sector (at least 50% of the resources result from the sale of goods and services). As an economic actor, our objectives are mainly the creation of activities and the cre- ation of wealth. But this creation of wealth must have a collective or social orienta- tion and does not have to maximise profit...

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