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Cosmopolitanisms in Enlightenment Europe and Beyond

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Edited By Mónica García-Salmones and Pamela Slotte

This volume offers critical, historical and theoretical perspectives on cosmopolitanism, paying attention to its implications and manifestations both within and outside Europe. It also explores the links between cosmopolitanism and teleological understandings of Europe: there is an idea of «progress» not far below the surface of the concept, but what does it mean and what is its ultimate aim? Through this analysis, the authors uncover several cosmopolitanisms originating and playing out in different periods of European history, most notably during Antiquity and during the European Enlightenment. The book shows that some of the languages of cosmopolitanism did not originate in or locate themselves exclusively in Europe, but that they nonetheless spread through connections with that continent, most commonly through the colonial encounter. The study contains valuable historical analyses of cosmopolitanism in context, in Europe, Russia, the Ottoman Empire and Africa. The book is based on papers presented at the conference «Revisiting the Imaginations of Europe and the World: Coming to Terms with Teleologies and Assessing Cosmopolitanism», held at the University of Helsinki in 2010.

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Notes on the Contributors

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Adrian Brisku is a post-doctoral research fellow with the Research Project Europe 1815-1914 (ERERE) at the University of Helsinki. He is working on a manuscript entitled Search for Stability and Politics of Reform in the Russian and Ottoman Empires during the ‘Century of Europe.’ Main interests include political and intellectual European history, with particular focus on the nineteenth century Russian and Ottoman Empires as well as on modern Albania and Georgia. Demin Duan received his doctoral degree in philosophy at the Cen- ter for Ethics, Social and Political Philosophy at the Institute of Philoso- phy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. The title of his doctoral dissertation is “Political Freedom in Tocqueville: A Reassessment in the Light of His Writings on Empire and Colonialism.” He now works at the School of Government, Peking University, China. His research interest consists of nineteenth century liberalism, especially Alexis de Tocque- ville’s political thought, contemporary theories of democracy, and Chinese politics. Mónica García-Salmones is a post-doctoral research fellow at the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights at the University of Helsinki, within the project History of International Law, between Religion and Empire. Her research interests include interna- tional legal theories, positivism (Thomas Hobbes and Hans Kelsen), economic-positivism, legal philosophy, and 19th and 20th century his- tory of international law. She deals with some of these questions in her forthcoming book The Project of Positivism in International Law. Martti Koskenniemi is Academy Professor at the University of Hel- sinki, Arthur Goodhart...

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