Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on
The 2013 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of examples from international and national case-law which cast light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
The introductory section of the Yearbook, entitled «Italy and human rights in 2012: a suffering year for economic, social and cultural rights», reminds States of their duty to equally protect all human rights – civil, political, economic, social and cultural – stressing the fact that the right to work is a fundamental human right and not a mere philosophical principle.
With a view on the second UPR of Italy before the Human Rights Council, that will take place in 2014, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights focuses on immediate and long-term measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country.
The Yearbook is edited by the University Human Rights Centre of the University of Padua, in cooperation with the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights, Democracy and Peace of the same University. The Centre, established in 1982 with the support of the Region of Veneto, carries out research and education following a global and interdisciplinary approach. It hosts the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on intercultural dialogue, human rights and multi-level governance.
PART II. THE HUMAN RIGHTS INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY
PART II THE HUMAN RIGHTS INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY 79 National Bodies with Jurisdiction over Human Rights International human rights law requires States to set up structures adequately specialised in promoting and protecting fundamental rights. In this regard, a distinction shall be made between, on one hand, strictly governmental bodies and, on the other, independent structures directly emanating from civil society. The latter in particular, through channels different from those classically used by governmental powers, aim at participating in policy-making, promoting and developing a human rights culture as well as preventing violations. In this Part the composition, mandate and activities of the following institu- tions will be illustrated: Parliamentary bodies: the Special Commission for the Promotion and Pro- tection of Human Rights of the Italian Senate; the Permanent Committee on Human Rights instituted within the Foreign Affairs Commission (III) of the Italian Chamber of Deputies; the Parliamentary Commission for Children and Adolescents; the Parliament-Government Observatory Monitoring the Promotion and Protection of Fundamental Rights. Governmental bodies established within: the Prime Minister’s Office (Committee of Ministers for Orientation and Strategic Guidance for the Pro- tection of Human Rights; Department for Equal Opportunities; Commission for International Adoptions; National Committee on Bioethics); the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Inter-Ministerial Committee for Human Rights; National Commission for UNESCO); the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies (Na- tional Observatory for Children and Adolescents; National Observatory Monitoring the Condition of Persons with Disabilities; Office on Foreign Minors); as well as the departments and bureaus of the Ministry of Justice...
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