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Historical and International Comparison of Business Interest Associations

19th-20th Centuries


Edited By Danièle Fraboulet-Rousselier, Andrea Maria Locatelli and Paolo Tedeschi

This book brings together selected essays on European Business Interest Associations (BIAs) as important components of European social and economic development over the last 150 years. The studies were originally presented at the 2012 World Economic History Congress, organized in association with an international research programme on BIAs in Europe. They adopt a historical research methodology with the aim of updating previous scholarship from within the social sciences; they also look at a number of different European countries, allowing for a comparative approach. They explore the roots and identity of BIAs, analyse their activities and examine their financing sources and strategies. Some essays discuss the decline of the old system of craft guilds and the emergence of new forms of economic organization and representation: new BIAs had to contend with the development of the trade unions and the growth of state economic interventionism and so they progressively increased their activities in order to serve European companies. Other essays present specific national examples of the evolution of BIAs throughout the twentieth century and also look at the development of Eurofederations.


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The Employers’ Organisations in the French Metalworking Industry and their Strategies (1901-1940) (Danièle Fraboulet)


127 The Employers’ Organisations in the French Metalworking Industry and their Strategies (1901-1940) Danièle FRABOULET Université de Paris 13 – Sorbonne Paris Cité Introduction The UIMM, the Union des Industries Métallurgiques et Minières (Union of Metalworking and Mining Industries), renamed the Union des Industries et Métiers de la Métallurgie (Union of Metalworking Trades and Industries) in 2001, came into being with the twentieth century. It soon became one of the most powerful employers’ confederations in France, maintaining its influence throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first1. Employers in the metalworking industry founded different types of management organisations over the course of the nineteenth century, both regionally and nationally. The most significant of these, the Comité des Forges de France (CFF, founded in 1864), represented ironmasters’ interests in government. However, a rift eventually developed as the interests of producers and transformers of raw materials or semi-finished goods diverged on the issue of customs; the situation was exacerbated by individual rivalries and the inertia of Robert de Wendel, CFF president from 1898 to 19032. Other factors were the Waldeck-Rousseau government’s accession to power in 1899 with the Socialist Alexandre Millerand as Minister for Trade and Industry, the rise of the trade union movement among workers, and increasing numbers of strikes. Though a 1 See Fraboulet D., Quand les patrons s’organisent. Stratégies et pratiques de l’Union des industries métallurgiques et minières 1901-1950. Villeneuve-d’Ascq: Septentrion, 2007; Id., “L’UIMM: organisation, stratégies et pratiques du patronat m...

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