Edited By Danièle Fraboulet-Rousselier, Andrea Maria Locatelli and Paolo Tedeschi
The Employers’ Organisations in the French Metalworking Industry and their Strategies (1901-1940) (Danièle Fraboulet)
127 The Employers’ Organisations in the French Metalworking Industry and their Strategies (1901-1940) Danièle FRABOULET Université de Paris 13 – Sorbonne Paris Cité Introduction The UIMM, the Union des Industries Métallurgiques et Minières (Union of Metalworking and Mining Industries), renamed the Union des Industries et Métiers de la Métallurgie (Union of Metalworking Trades and Industries) in 2001, came into being with the twentieth century. It soon became one of the most powerful employers’ confederations in France, maintaining its influence throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first1. Employers in the metalworking industry founded different types of management organisations over the course of the nineteenth century, both regionally and nationally. The most significant of these, the Comité des Forges de France (CFF, founded in 1864), represented ironmasters’ interests in government. However, a rift eventually developed as the interests of producers and transformers of raw materials or semi-finished goods diverged on the issue of customs; the situation was exacerbated by individual rivalries and the inertia of Robert de Wendel, CFF president from 1898 to 19032. Other factors were the Waldeck-Rousseau government’s accession to power in 1899 with the Socialist Alexandre Millerand as Minister for Trade and Industry, the rise of the trade union movement among workers, and increasing numbers of strikes. Though a 1 See Fraboulet D., Quand les patrons s’organisent. Stratégies et pratiques de l’Union des industries métallurgiques et minières 1901-1950. Villeneuve-d’Ascq: Septentrion, 2007; Id., “L’UIMM: organisation, stratégies et pratiques du patronat m...
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