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Historical and International Comparison of Business Interest Associations

19th-20th Centuries

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Edited By Danièle Fraboulet-Rousselier, Andrea Maria Locatelli and Paolo Tedeschi

This book brings together selected essays on European Business Interest Associations (BIAs) as important components of European social and economic development over the last 150 years. The studies were originally presented at the 2012 World Economic History Congress, organized in association with an international research programme on BIAs in Europe. They adopt a historical research methodology with the aim of updating previous scholarship from within the social sciences; they also look at a number of different European countries, allowing for a comparative approach. They explore the roots and identity of BIAs, analyse their activities and examine their financing sources and strategies. Some essays discuss the decline of the old system of craft guilds and the emergence of new forms of economic organization and representation: new BIAs had to contend with the development of the trade unions and the growth of state economic interventionism and so they progressively increased their activities in order to serve European companies. Other essays present specific national examples of the evolution of BIAs throughout the twentieth century and also look at the development of Eurofederations.

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Business Interests in the Welfare State. The Strategies of Sweden’s Business Associations during the Twentieth Century (Niklas Stenlås)

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159 Business Interests in the Welfare State The Strategies of Sweden’s Business Associations during the Twentieth Century Niklas STENLÅS Uppsala University 1. Aims, purposes and previous research The Swedish Employer’s Association (hereafter SAF) and its role in Swedish twentieth century history is a relatively well researched area and a number of historical monographs have dealt with the SAF1. The Federation of Swedish Industries (hereafter IF), on the other hand, is severely under-researched and only a few minor academic works have dealt with the IF2. No attempts, however, have been made to analyse how 1 See De Geer, H., The Rise and Fall of the Swedish Model. The Swedish Employer’s Confederation, SAF, and Industrial Relations over Ten Decades, Chichester, Carden, 1992; Id., SAF I förhandlingar: Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen och dess förhandlingsrelationer till LO och tjänstemannaorganisationerna 1930-1970, Stockholm, SAF, 1986; Id., I vänstervind och högervåg: SAF under 1970-talet, Stockholm, Allmänna förlaget, 1989; Id. Arbetsgivarna. SAF i tio decennier, Stockholm, Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen, 1992; I Från den Svenska modellen till Svenskt näringsliv: om SAF och den svenska arbetsmarknadens organisering under 1990-talet, Stockholm, Ratio, 2007; Johansson, J., SAF och den svenska modellen. En studie av uppbrottet från förvaltningskorporativismen 1982-1991, Uppsala, Uppsala University, 2000; Swenson, P.A., Capitalists against markets: the making of labor markets and welfare states in the United States and Sweden, Oxford, OUP, 2002. 2 Only two short publications deal with the history of the IF: Ullenhag, K., “The Federation...

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