Edited By Danièle Fraboulet-Rousselier, Andrea Maria Locatelli and Paolo Tedeschi
Business Eurofederations and European Integration from the Second World War to the 1970s (Neil Rollings)
175 Business Eurofederations and European Integration from the Second World War to the 1970s Neil ROLLINGS University of Glasgow Introduction In June 2012 there were 5,145 entries in the European Union’s Transparency Register of Interest Representatives1. However, the register only opened in June 2008 (then called the Register of Interest Representatives) and registration is voluntary. While the register has been criticised for ‘seemingly irrelevant registrations’2, one recent estimate suggests that there are more like 15,000-20,000 interest groups operating in Brussels3. Political scientists now regard this system of interest representation as mature and sophisticated: it is the diversity and complexity of the relationships between interest groups and EU institutions which is stressed4. They contrast this position with the past by emphasising the co-evolution of interest group representation and European integration in three key respects: the types of organisation have diversified; the scope of the interests being represented has widened; and the number of interest groups has increased5. Thus with the growth in numbers of European interest groups so the largest category has recently 1 See data in https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/transparency/regrin/welcome.do?locale=en# [accessed 18 June 2012]. 2 See Wonka, A., Baumgartner, F.R., Mahoney, C., Berkhout, J., “Measuring the size and scope of the EU interest group population”, in European Union Politics, 2010, n. 3, p. 474. 3 See Coen, D., Richardson, J., “Learning to lobby the European Union: 20 years of change”, in Id., (eds.), Lobbying the European Union: institutions, actors, and issues, Oxford, OUP, 2009, p. 6. 4...
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