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Christian Democrat Internationalism

Its Action in Europe and Worldwide from post World War II until the 1990s. Volume II: The Development (1945–1979). The Role of Parties, Movements, People

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Edited By Jean-Dominique Durand

From September 2011 to December 2013 the Luigi Sturzo Institute in Rome along with the Centre of European Studies planned a series of international scientific meetings to study one highly important political subject: the commitment of Christian Democrats on an international level. This project has been organised thanks to the support of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, and the International Labour Organisation.
Internationalism is a Key Element for the Christian Democrat Identity. In fact, CD is a political movement of thought and action whose roots lie in a specific ideology: to use the German word Weltanschauung, it is based on a particular framework of ideas and beliefs that leads the party to interpret the relationship between men and nations from an international point of view, ensuring the human being a central place in every social policy.
The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel, wrote in a Message to these Meetings:
«We can consider ourselves very lucky that 50 years ago forward-thinking personalities founded the World Union of Christian Democrats. From then on, the world, through globalisation, has been deeply changed. Events that take place in other continents immediately impact on our lives. We will be able to protect ourselves from terrorism, achieve economic and social security, and defend our environment only through common global action. This is the task of our generation: to overcome these global challenges. […] Our parties and our political organisations share a common Christian ideal of man. This ideal, grounded on the inalienability of human dignity, is at the core of one important value: to this man has linked a social and economic model that combines economic success and social responsibility.»
Her message clearly shows the need to use historical knowledge, to return to and explore a rich and challenging past as well as to develop a reflection on and a course of action for the present and the future.

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PART I PARTIES, MOVEMENTS AND INTERNATIONALISM Session I. Social Actors and Organisations Preparing International Society Opening remarks ................................................................................. 15 Kari Tapiola Union Experience through International Labour Organisation ..... 19 Aurélien Zaragori Religion and International Labour. The Roman Catholic Church, the ILO and the Search for Social Justice ........... 35 Charles R. Gallagher, S.J. The Holy See and the International Labour Organisation. The Origins of a Special Relationship ................................................ 42 Liliosa Azara International Labour Organisation, International Christian Unions and the Catholic Church. Research Tracks and Case Studies .................................................... 57 Carlo Felice Casula Session II. International Experiences From the Female European Union to the European People’s Party. The Women’s Movement of the Christian Democrats in Christian Democrat Inter-Party Organisations ........................... 75 Tiziana Di Maio Impossible Internationalism. Interrupted Experiences of Christian Democracy beyond the Iron Curtain ............................ 93 Dmitry Shmelev My Experience in Christian Democrat Internationalism. A Testimony ....................................................................................... 105 Bryan Palmer 8 Session III. European Parties that Moved Internationalism In the Line of Catholic Internationalism. The Italian Christian Democracy (DC) to the Origins of the Formation of the International Christian Democracy ...................................... 121 Alfredo Canavero “We are the Guardians of Freedom!” Basic Ideas of the CDU’s European Policy Prior to the First Direct Elections to the European Parliament .............. 133 Jürgen Nielsen-Sikora The Option of the Belgian and Dutch Christian Democrats for an Internationalism with Christian and Social Accents (1945-1979) ......................................................................................... 147 Emiel Lamberts The MRP and the Other Christian Democrat Formations, between Hegemony and National Interests ..................................... 159 Laurent Ducerf The Fractious Foundation of the European People’s Party........... 173 Steven Van...

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