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Christian Democrat Internationalism

Its Action in Europe and Worldwide from post World War II until the 1990s. Volume II: The Development (1945–1979). The Role of Parties, Movements, People


Edited By Jean-Dominique Durand

From September 2011 to December 2013 the Luigi Sturzo Institute in Rome along with the Centre of European Studies planned a series of international scientific meetings to study one highly important political subject: the commitment of Christian Democrats on an international level. This project has been organised thanks to the support of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, and the International Labour Organisation.
Internationalism is a Key Element for the Christian Democrat Identity. In fact, CD is a political movement of thought and action whose roots lie in a specific ideology: to use the German word Weltanschauung, it is based on a particular framework of ideas and beliefs that leads the party to interpret the relationship between men and nations from an international point of view, ensuring the human being a central place in every social policy.
The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel, wrote in a Message to these Meetings:
«We can consider ourselves very lucky that 50 years ago forward-thinking personalities founded the World Union of Christian Democrats. From then on, the world, through globalisation, has been deeply changed. Events that take place in other continents immediately impact on our lives. We will be able to protect ourselves from terrorism, achieve economic and social security, and defend our environment only through common global action. This is the task of our generation: to overcome these global challenges. […] Our parties and our political organisations share a common Christian ideal of man. This ideal, grounded on the inalienability of human dignity, is at the core of one important value: to this man has linked a social and economic model that combines economic success and social responsibility.»
Her message clearly shows the need to use historical knowledge, to return to and explore a rich and challenging past as well as to develop a reflection on and a course of action for the present and the future.


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Part I. Parties, Movements and Internationalism


PART I PARTIES, MOVEMENTS AND INTERNATIONALISM SESSION I SOCIAL ACTORS AND ORGANISATIONS PREPARING INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY 15 Opening Remarks Kari TAPIOLA Former Deputy Director-General of the International Labour Organisation As has been said over the past 2000 years; all roads lead to Rome. And on labour, all roads lead to the International Labour Organisation. I wish to warmly thank the organisers for both their invitation and their desire to cooperate with the ILO. We are approaching our 100th anniversary – in 2019 – and one of the important studies we are anticipating, and wishing to cooperate on, is a study that will cover the relationship between the Catholic Church and the ILO since the 1920s. On the trade union side, there have been – and continue to be – sev- eral strands. There is the socialist and social-democrat trade union movement, which is both traditional and still dominant. Through most of the period that we are looking at here, its international organisational home was the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU). Another major strand, for most of this period identified with the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), has been communist or leftist radical. It is interesting to note that organisations belonging to this family have either been state-sponsored or hostile to the state, depending on the political situation of their own countries. The Christian trend has been present from the beginning, interna- tionally grouped within the World Confederation of Labour (WCL). In most countries, it has been a minority – but a strong minority...

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