Pierre Werner et l’Europe : pensée, action, enseignements – Pierre Werner and Europe: His Approach, Action and Legacy
Edited By Elena Danescu and Susana Muñoz
The centenary of the birth of Pierre Werner (1913–2013) offered a timely opportunity to reflect on the personality and achievements of this politician from Luxembourg who left his mark on the future of his country and on the European integration process. On 27 and 28 November 2013, some 30 renowned experts and researchers including historians, economists, legal experts and political scientists, together with major players in economic and monetary affairs, assembled in Luxembourg for a conference during which they analysed Pierre Werner’s European vision and offered an international perspective on the relevance of his approach in light of the challenges facing us in the 21
Partie I. Pierre Werner, une vie Pour l’idéal Européen, Part I. Pierre Werner, a Life Dedicated to the European Ideal
Partie i Pierre werner, une vie Pour l’iDéal euroPéen Part i Pierre werner, a life DeDicateD to the euroPean iDeal 109 The New Economic and Monetary Order in the Aftermath of the Second World War René LEBouTTE Ad personam Jean Monnet Chair in European Integration History at the University of Luxembourg Chairman of the CVCE’s Committee of Experts This part of the proceedings is about the personality of Pierre Werner and his commitment to Europe. The contributors, who are all major spe- cialists in the work of Pierre Werner, have described for us in great detail the boost which Pierre Werner gave to the process of European integra- tion. I myself would like to look at the international context in which Werner developed his ideas from the end of the Second World War up to the 1970s. In 1945, the economic and monetary situation in Europe was chaot- ic, with inflation soaring, unemployment, shortages of food, equipment, housing and much else. In every country, there was a pressing need for monetary reforms to put the national economies back on their feet and stamp out inflation. There needed to be worldwide action to re-establish some degree of monetary stability as soon as possible, so as to stimu- late reconstruction and economic revival.1 In 1941, while the war was still on, Maynard Keynes put forward a “Proposal for an International Compensation Union” and, two years later, he defended the idea of an International Clearing Union as a means of helping...
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