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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015

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Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on Human Rights

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2015 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2014 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. The complex network of monitoring actions carried out by the supranational bodies, and the relative reporting requirements Italy must meet, can only be viewed in the context of reciprocal exchange and strengthening between the provisions enshrined in the national Constitution and international human rights law.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 represents an updated orientation tool intended to support the commitment taken by the Italian Government in the framework of the second Universal Periodic Review (October 2014) before the UN Human Rights Council.

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List of Acronyms .................................................................................. 11 Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism ........................ 15 I. New Legislation and Infrastructure .............................................. 18 II. Implementation of International Obligations and Commitments: Moving between Conforming and the “Counter-limits” Theory.................................................. 24 III. Adoption and Implementation of Policies .................................... 27 IV. Structure of the 2015 Yearbook .................................................... 31 Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 ............................................... 33 Part I. ImPlementatIon of InternatIonal Human rIgHts law In Italy International Human Rights Law ...................................................... 43 I. Legal Instruments of the United Nations ..................................... 43 II. Legal Instruments on Disarmament and Non-proliferation ......... 43 III. Legal Instruments of the Council of Europe ................................ 44 IV. European Union Law ................................................................... 44 Italian Law ............................................................................................ 49 I. The Constitution of the Italian Republic ...................................... 49 II. National Legislation ..................................................................... 49 III. Municipal, Provincial and Regional Statutes ............................... 52 IV. Regional Laws .............................................................................. 53 Part II. tHe Human rIgHts Infrastructure In Italy National Bodies with Jurisdiction over Human Rights .................... 61 I. Parliamentary Bodies ................................................................... 62 II. Prime Minister’s Office (Presidency) .......................................... 85 III. Ministry of Foreign Affairs .......................................................... 89 IV. Ministry of Labour and Social Policies ......................................... 93 V. Ministry of Justice ........................................................................ 97 8 VI. Judicial Authorities ...................................................................... 97 VII. Independent Authorities ............................................................... 98 VIII. Non-governmental Organisations .............................................. 104 IX. Human Rights Teaching and Research in Italian Universities ................................................................ 105 Sub-national Human Rights Structures ........................................... 117 I. Peace Human Rights Offices in Municipalities, Provinces and Regions ............................................................... 117 II. Ombudspersons in the Italian Regions and Provinces ............... 118 III. National Coordinating Body of Ombudspersons ....................... 118 IV. Network of Ombudspersons for Children and Adolescents ......................................................................... 120 V. National Coordinating Network of Ombudspersons for the Rights of Detainees...

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